Robin Banerjee's Sociogram
note that these pages are under development.
is a sociogram?
- A sociogram is a visual representation of interpersonal
relationships within a group.
- It can be especially useful in an educational context, in order
to help teachers and other staff understand more about pupils' peer
relationships. It is often a useful starting point for
identifying and addressing the social and emotional needs of pupils.
- Sociograms are made on the basis of pupils' nominations of
classmates in response to questions. The exact wording of the
questions can vary depending on interests, but a common scenario
involves asking pupils to nominate three classmates with whom they most like to
play/spend free time and three classmates with whom they least like to
play/spend free time.
- Recording the positive and negative nominations received by each
pupil helps staff to be aware of patterns of acceptance and rejection
within the peer group. The sociogram reveals the peer group
dynamics of a class or other pupil group in a visual and accessible
Note: The Sociogram Tools on this website are based on over three decades of work on sociometric procedures, and provide a simple implementation of very widely-used nomination procedures for capturing levels of acceptance and rejection within the peer group. For further reading on sociometric approaches to children's peer relations, see the following examples:
Coie, J. D., & Dodge, K. A. (1983). Continuities and changes in children's social status: A five-year longitudinal study. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 29, 261-282
Coie, J. D., Dodge, K. A., & Coppotelli, H. (1982). Dimensions and types of social status: A cross-age perspective. Developmental Psychology, 18, 557-570.
Gifford-Smith, M. E., & Brownell, C. A. (2003). Childhood peer relationships: Social acceptance, friendships, and peer networks. Journal of School Psychology, 41, 235-284.
Newcomb, A. F., Bukowski, W. M., & Pattee, L. (1993). Children's peer relations: a meta-analytic review of popular, rejected, neglected, controversial, and average sociometric status. Psychological Bulletin, 113(1), 99-128.
What is a sociogram? (Current Page)
Administering a sociometric survey (Next Page)
Recording and formatting sociometric data
Interpreting a sociogram
Go to Robin