A SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

This selective bibliography is mainly of English-language material, although some items in French and German are also listed. Printed out, the bibliography is about 40 pages long.

 

Navigation: The bibliography is all on one page. After the list of contents, it is divided into 30 sections, each with up to 20 headings. Each heading is preceded by '@' plus a space. To find a section or heading, use the 'find' facility on your browser, entering '@' + space + the first words of the heading. To return to the top of the page, press Ctrl-Home.

 

[ ] = date of writing or original publication * = recommended + = introductory

 

Please e-mail suggestions for additions or improvements to Andrew Chitty, University of Sussex, England (home page)

 

Last updated 12 Nov 2013

 

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Contents

 

GENERAL

The nature of political philosophy, its relation to ethics

Contemporary political philosophy: introductions and surveys

Contemporary political philosophy: collections of articles

Method in the history of political thought, historical and rational reconstruction

History of political thought: introductions and surveys

Ancient and medieval political thought

Modern political thought (from Hobbes)

 

CONCEPTS IN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

Essential contestability

Surveys of political concepts

 

BIBLE AND KORAN

Justice in the Bible

 

PLATO

Plato's political thought: texts

Plato's political thought: introductions

Plato's political thought: influential interpretations

Republic: introductions

Introductions to the concept of justice

Plato's account of justice in city and soul

Plato on the soul (psyche)

Plato and democracy

Plato and women

 

ARISTOTLE

Aristotle's political thought: texts

Aristotle's political thought: background

Aristotle's political thought: introductions

Aristotle's political thought: collections

Aristotle's political thought: fuller studies

Relation between Aristotle's ethics and the politics

Aristotle on friendship, civic friendship and homonia

Aristotle on the nature of the state, and the nature of man

Aristotle on moral education

Aristotle on the best constitution

Aristotle on justice

Aristotle on rights and natural law

Aristotle on political obligation

Aristotle and slavery

Aristotle and feminism

 

GREEN, T.H.

Green: texts

Green: commentary

 

GROTIUS

Grotius: texts

Grotius's theory of natural law

Grotius's international theory

 

HOBBES

Hobbes: texts

Hobbes: introductions

Hobbes: collections of articles

Hobbes: influential interpretations

Hobbes: more advanced works

Hobbes' historical context

Hobbes, natural law theory and Aristotle

Hobbes: alternative introductions

Hobbes's human psychology in the argument for the state of war

Collective action problem

Hobbes and the public goods justification of the state

Hobbes's ethical stance

Hobbes and political obligation

Hobbes on representation, authorisation and democracy

Hobbes and freedom

Hobbes on the limits of state power

Hobbes's method

Hobbes and international relations

 

KROPOTKIN

Kropotkin: texts

 

PUFENDORF

Pufendorf: texts

Pufendorf: introductions

Pufendorf: commentaries

Pufendorf on natural law amd the statte of nature

Pufendorf on property

Pufendorf on the state and political authority

Pufendorf, Hobbes and Locke

 

LOCKE

Locke's political philosophy: texts

Locke's political philosophy: introductions

Locke's political philosophy: fuller treatments

Locke's political philosophy as ideology

Locke on natural law, natural rights, and the state of nature

Locke on property: texts

Locke on property: commentaries

Property as the extension of the self in Locke

Locke on property and his epistemology

Locke on political legitimacy

Locke on democracy

Locke on political obligation

Locke on trusteeship

Locke on the right of rebellion

Locke on democracy and property-ownership

 

MANDEVILLE

Mandeville: texts

Mandeville and commercial society

Mandeville and the bee analogy

 

ROUSSEAU

Rousseau: texts

Rousseau: collected editions:

Rousseau: biographies

Historically influential views of Rousseau's thought

History of Rousseau interpretations

Rousseau's thought as a whole

Rousseau's political thought: introductions

Rousseau's political thought: fuller treatments

Discourse on Inequality: general

Discourse on Inequality: normative implications

Rousseau's historical anthropology, evolutionism, philosophy of history

Rousseau on property and commercial society

Rousseau on amour propre, intersubjectivity, alienation and selfhood

General will

Constructivism in Rousseau

Rousseau on freedom

Rousseau on political legitimacy

Rousseau on political obligation

Rousseau and natural law

Rousseau and republicanism

Civic virtue, the 'remarkable change in man' and the legislator

Rousseau and Hobbes

Rousseau on educational theory (Emile)

Rousseau's political thought: other topics

Rousseau and religion

Rousseau and women

 

SMITH, ADAM

Smith: introductory

Smith: more advanced

Smith's conception of the good society

Smith, the invisible hand and the state

Smith and women

Smith's evolutionism

 

HUME

Hume's political and legal philosophy: texts

Hume's political and legal philosophy: commentaries

Hume on justice and artificial virtues and convention

Hume on social contract

Hume on government and allegiance

Hume on history

 

KANT'S POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

Kant: collections of texts (on right)

Kant: main texts (on right)

Kant: texts on history

Kant: other texts

Introductions to Kant's moral philosophy

Kant's political philosophy: introductions

Kant's political philosophy: more advanced studies

Kant's political philosophy: collections

Kant's social contract

Constructivism in Kant's ethics

Constructivism in Kant's political philosophy, freedom as the ground of Kant's political philosophy

Kant on right and morality

Kant on possession and property

Political content of the critiques

Kant's theory of the self

Kant's philosophical anthropology

Kant's philosophy of history

Kant on revolution

Kantian socialism

Kant and feminism

 

BENTHAM

Bentham: short introductions

Bentham: longer introductions

Bentham on Common Law

Bentham on natural rights

Bentham on utilitarianism

Bentham on democracy and his 'political radicalism'

Bentham and the Panopticon

 

HEGEL

 

MARX

 

MILL

Mill on liberty: texts

Mill: short introductions

Mill: longer introductions

Mill's political theory as a whole

Mill and feminism

Mill on liberty: introductions

Mill on liberty: collections

Mill on liberty: commentaries

Mill's justification for the principle of liberty

Mill and the self-regarding/other-regarding distinction

Paternalism and self-harm

Toleration and legal moralism

Mill's socialism

 

ARENDT

Arendt: main works

Arendt: commentaries

 

RAWLS

Rawls: main works

Rawls: short introductions

Rawls: book-length introductions

Rawls: more advanced commentaries

Rawls: collections

Reflective equilibrium

Rawls' critique of utilitarianism

Rawls on original position and the contract

Difference principle: its derivation

Difference principle, natural talents, and equality of opportunity

Dworkins' veil of ignorance and the problem of inequalities in natural goods

Principle of liberty

Primary goods

Well-ordered society

Stability

Rawls's constructivism

Communitarian and pragmatist critiques of Rawls

Rawls and Kant

Rawls and Hegel

Political liberalism, overlapping consensus, and reasonability

Rawls and the role of political philosophy

Public justifiability

Public reason, democracy and legitimate law in Rawls

Rawls and political community

Rawls and stability, education

Rawls and self-respect

Rawls: left and Marxist critiques

Rawls as a socialist

Cohen's critique of Rawls

Rawls and the self, 'Kantian constructivism'

Rawls and feminism

Rawls and intergenerational justice

Rawls and international justice

Rawls' development (full list of his articles and books)

Kohlberg

Rawls and Habermas

Rawls and Rousseau

 

NOZICK

Nozick: text

Nozick: introductions

Nozick: fuller treatments

Nozick: collections

Nozick's foundations for natural rights

Nozick on natural property rights

Cohen's critique of Nozick on property rights

Self-ownership and world-ownership

Nozick's entitlement theory of justice (the principles of transfer and rectification)

Nozick's entitlement theory and freedom

Nozick's freedom-based critique of distributive justice (Wilt Chamberlain argument)

 

HAYEK

Hayek's texts

Introductions

Collections

General commentaries

Hayek on the market and catallaxy

Hayek on law

Hayek on liberty

Hayek's evolutionism, epistemology, critique of constructivism and socialism

Left critiques of Hayek and neo-liberalism

 

HABERMAS

Habermas: introductions

Habermas's discourse ethics: expositions

Habermas's discourse ethics: commentary

Habermas on law and democracy

Habermas: Communicative freedom

Habermas and multiculturalism

Habermas and Rawls

 

CONTRACTARIANISM AND CONSTRUCTIVISM IN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

History of social contract theory

Contractarian and contractualist theories of justice

Constructivism in ethics and political philosophy: general

Constructivism in Fichte

Constructivism in Hegel

Constructivism in Rawls

O'Neill's constructivism

Korsgaard's constructivism, constitutivism

Scanlon's contractualism

Habermas and constructivism

Gewirth: texts

Gewirth: collections

Gewirth: commentary

Gewirth and Kant

Other constructivist justifications of human rights

Constructivist accounts of private law, Weinrib

Constructivism, contractarianism and feminism

Constructivism and humanism: critiques

Marxist critiques of constructivism and humanism

Foucauldian critiques of constructivism

 

COMMUNITARIANISM, CONSERVATISM, NATIONALISM

Conservatism: introductory

Conservatism: historically influential statements

Conservatism: contemporary statements

Conservatism: assessments from the left

Communitarianism: introductions

Communitarianism: collections

Communitarianism: surveys

Public goods, social goods, the common good

MacIntyre's communitarianism

Walzer's communitarianism

Taylor's communitarianism

Sandel's communitarianism, communitarianism and the self

Constitutivism

Community as a value

Liberal-communitarian debate

Liberal conceptions of community

Nationalism, patriotism and partiality

 

CONTINENTAL AND POSTMODERN POLITICAL THOUGHT

Continental political philosophy: introductions and collections

Postmodern politics and ethics

Foucault on power and subject-formation

Foucault on 'What is enlightenment?'

Foucauldian ethics and political philosophy

Levinas and political philosophy

Derrida and political philosophy

Nancy and political philosophy

Rorty (texts)

Rorty (commentary)

Rorty's political philosophy and ethics, the political implications of Rorty's pragmatism

 

DEMOCRACY

Democracy: Introductions

Democracy: general books

Democracy: historically influential views

Conceptions of democracy

What is politics?

Public/private division

Representative democracy

Democracy vs. justice and rights

Democracy vs. political philosophy

Social choice theory: introductions

Social choice theory and democracy

Consociational democracy

Justifications of democracy (outcome and procedural)

Justification of democracy as necessary condition of political legitimacy

Paradox of democracy

Other material on the theory of democracy

Democratic management, sociocracy

 

EQUALITY

Equality: introductory

What is the basis for equality?

Equality of opportunity and positive discrimination

Equality of what?

Desert in the theory of justice

 

FEMINISM

 

FREEDOM

Freedom: introductory

Freedom: collections

Freedom: the postive-negative freedom distionction

Negative freedom

Freedom as effective ability (ableness) or capability

Autonomy

Measuring freedom (of a society)

Collective freedom

Freedom as joint

 

GREEN POLITICAL THEORY

Surveys of contemporary green thought

Histories of green thought

Ecology: general

Ecology and social justice, 'political ecology', 'social ecology'

Ecology and socialism (including Marxism)

Green axiology and ethics

Green metaphysics and methodology

Future generations

 

INTERNATIONAL THEORY

Realism and neo-realism

International society, rationalism, and the English School

Nature of international law

Normative theories of international relations and international law

International ethics: general

International ethics: Marxist and anti-imperialist

Kant's international theory

Kantian cosmopolitanism right

Habermas's international theory

Rawls's international theory: texts

Rawls's international theory: commentary

Rawls's international theory: intervention vs. sovereigtny

International distributive justice, global distributive justice

Cosmopolitan citizenship, global citizenship (as a moral orientation)

Cosmopolitan democracy, global democracy, cosmopolitan political community

Global governance

Global civil society

Ethics of war, just war theory (contemporary)

Justification of war (jus ad bellum)

Conduct of war (jus in bello)

Pacifism

 

INTERNATIONAL THEORY: HISTORY OF

History of international theory in general

History of ethics of war (including just war thought)

Greek and Roman international theory

Aquinas's international theory

Dante's international theory

Gentili's international theory

Grotius's international theory

Vattel's international theory

Rousseau's international theory

T.H. Green's international theory

 

INTERVENTION VS. SOVEREIGNTY

Intervention vs. sovereignty: bibliography

Intervention vs. sovereignty: general

Intervention vs. sovereignty: collections

Intervention vs. sovereignty: arguments from state autonomy and communal integrity

Intervention vs. sovereignty: arguments from cultural relativism and cultural autonomy

Intervention vs. sovereignty: arguments from necessity of sovereignty for individual rights

Intervention vs. sovereignty: arguments from protection of the weak

Intervention vs. sovereignty: human rights arguments for intervention

Intervention vs. sovereignty: cosmopolitan arguments for intervention

Intervention vs. sovereignty: cosmopolitan arguments against intervention

Intervention vs. sovereignty: humanitarian imperialism

Intervention vs. sovereignty: arguments from natural law or idea of international society

Intervention vs. sovereignty: contractarian and constructivist arguments

Intervention vs. sovereignty: utilitarian arguments

Intervention vs. sovereignty: legality of intervention

Intervention vs. sovereignty: pro-democratic intervention

Intervention vs. sovereignty: civil war and anarchy

Intervention vs. sovereignty: case studies

 

JUSTICE (INCLUDING SOCIAL JUSTICE)

Justice: introductions

Justice: readers

Justice as mutual advantage

Justice as impartiality

 

LAW

Philosophy of law: general

Philosophy of law: collections of articles

Command theory of law and legal positivism

Natural law and natural rights theories: historical surveys

Natural law and natural rights theories: Stoic

Natural law and natural rights theories: Cicero

Natural law and natural rights theories: Aquinas and Thomism

Natural law and natural rights theories: Juadaism and Islam

Natural law and natural rights theories: 17th-18th century

Natural law theories: contemporary

Dworkin on law

Rule of law

Marx and law

 

LEGITIMACY

Weberian approach

Critical approaches

Normative approaches

Post-Totalitarian approaches

Other approaches

 

LIBERALISM AND NEUTRALITY

Liberalism: surveys

Arguments for liberalism

Social liberalism

Public reason

Statements of liberal neutrality

Liberal neutrality: full treatments

Interpretations of neutrality

Subject of neutrality

Neutrality and scepticism about values, and value pluralism

Rawls and neutrality, his argument from justifiability to members

Arguments from the nature of the good and from equality of concern/respect

Neutrality as internally inconsistent, conceptions of the good and general interests

Neutrality as incompatible with support for political virtues

Education in political philosophy

 

PERFECTIONISM, NEEDS AND CAPABILITIES

Perfectionism and Aristotelian justification

Perfectionism and principles of social justice

Needs as a basis for justification

Capabilities approach

 

PROPERTY, MARKETS, EXPLOITATION

Property: introductions

Property: fuller treatments

Markets: intoductory

Moral status of the market: surveys and collections

Rawls on property and the market

Coercion and contractual obligation

Exploitation

Markets as exploitative or unjust

Other arguments against markets

Markets as unfree and coercive

Marx's conception of freedom

Argument that markets satisfy contribution principle

Monetisation and commodification of specific goods

Monetisation and commodification of education

 

MULTICULTURALISM AND RECOGNITION

Multiculturalism and multi-identity politics, politics of identity, minority rights

Multiculturalism: collections

Multiculturalism and autonomy

Cultural relativism and human rights

Raz's multiculturalist liberalism

Politics of difference

Deep pluralist politics, democracy and minorities

Recognition

 

POLITICAL OBLIGATION

Political obligation: introductions

Political obligation: ideas of obligation and duty

Political obligation: surveys and collections

Political obligation: historically influential views

Political obligation: utilitarian arguments

Political obligation: consent and self-imposition arguments, democracy and political obligation

Political obligation: principle of fairness or fair play

Political obligation: natural duty of justice

Political obligation: constitutive rules and conceptual arguments

Political obligation: communitarian accounts

Political obligation: associative accounts (Gilbert)

Philosophical anarchism

Civil disobedience

Anarchism

Anarcho-capitalism

 

POLITICAL ROLE OF PHILOSOPHY

Philosophy as insight into an ontological-normative order

Principle of reason-giving (thus of philosophy) as basic principle of a political order

Philosophy as (or as to be replaced by) society's collective self-knowledge

Principle of thinking as principle of political action

Philosophy as counteracting the perversion of language by those in power

 

REPUBLICANISM

History of republicanism

Machiavelli and republicanism

Other classical republican thinkers

Contemporary republicanism: neo-Athenian or civic humanist strand

Contemporary republicanism: neo-Roman or civic republican strand, freedom as non-domination

Neo-Roman republicanism and democracy

Civic virtues

Citizenship and solidarity

Civil society and the public sphere

Deliberative democracy (discursive democracy, discourse democracy)

 

RIGHTS

Rights: introductions

Rights: collections

Concept of rights

Interest vs. will conceptions of rights

Rights as founded in equality: Rawls and Dworkin

Natural rights, human rights

Natural rights as founded in collective rationality

'Right to liberty'

 

SOCIAL CHOICE THEORY

Condorcet's paradox and Arrow's theorem: introductions

Condorcet's paradox (and other voting paradoxes): full expositons

Arrow's theorem: full expositions

Implications of social choice theory

 

SOCIALISM AND COMMUNISM

Surveys and intorductions

Histories of socialist thought

Anthologies of socialist thought

Socialist texts

British socialism

French socialism and communism

Babeuf

Saint-Simon

Fourier and Considerant

German socialism (excluding Marx)

Kantian socialism

American socialism

Socialist humanism

Contemporary socialist and radical egalitarian political philosophy

Left -libertarianism

Market socialism

G.A. Cohen's socialism

Commonism and communisation

 

STATE, POWER, AND AUTHORITY

What is the state?

Sovereignty

Bodin on sovereignty

Power: coercion-based and structural views

Power: Foucauldian views

Authority

Authority and reason

Revolution

 

UTILITARIANISM IN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

Utilitiaranism in political philosophy: introductions

Utilitarianism and equality

Utilitarianism and rights

 

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@ GENERAL

 

@ The nature of political philosophy, its relation to ethics

Baier, K. (1989) 'Justice and the aims of political philosophy', Ethics 99(4)

 

@ Contemporary political philosophy: introductions and surveys

Raphael, D.D. (1970) Problems of Political Philosophy, 2nd ed. 1990

* Kymlicka, W. (1990) Contemporary Political Philosophyク 2nd ed. 2002

Plant, R. (1991) Modern Political Thought: An Introduction

Sterba, J.P. (1995) Contemporary Social and Political Philosophy

* Wolff, J. (1996) An Introduction to Political Philosophy

Hampton, J. (1997) Political Philosophy

Knowles, D. (1998) Political Philosophy

Thomas, G. (2000) An Introduction to Political Philosophy

Geuss, R. (2001) History and Illusion in Politics

Swift, A. (2001) Political Philosophy: A Beginner's Guide for Students and Politicians

Christman, J. (2002) Social and Political Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction

Miller, D. (2003) Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Robinson, D. (2003) Introducing Political Philosophy

Bird, C. (2006) An Introduction to Political Philosophy

Stevens, R.G. (2010) Political Philosophy: An Introduction

 

@ Contemporary political philosophy: collections of articles

Laslett, P. (ed.) (1956-79) Philosophy Politics and Society, 5 vols

Quinton, A. (ed.) (1967) Political Philosophy

Flathman, R. (ed.) (1973) Concepts in Social and Political Philosophy

Waldron, J. (ed.) (1984) Theories of Rights

Goodin, R. and Pettit, P. (eds) (1997) Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology

Goodin, R. and Pettit, P. (eds) (1998) A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy 6]

Simon, R.L. (ed.) (2002) The Blackwell Guide to Social and Political Philosophy

Matravers, D. and Pike, J. (eds) (2003) Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy 0]

 

@ Method in the history of political thought, historical and rational reconstruction

Kristeller, P.O. (1964) 'History of philosophy and history of ideas', Journal of the History of Philosophy

* Skinner, Q. (1969) 'Meaning and understanding in the history of ideas', History and Theory 1, reprinted in J. Tully ed. Meaning and Context: Quentin Skinner and his Critics 1988

La Capra, D. (1983) Rethinking Intellectual History

Rorty, R. (1984), 'The historiography of philosophy: four genres', in R. Rorty, J.B. Schneewind, and Q. Skinner (eds) Philosophy in History

Richter, M. (1986) 'Conceptual history (Begriffsgeschichte) and political theory', Political Theory 14(4)

Pocock, J.G.A. (1986) 'Introduction' to Virtue, Commerce and History

Janaway, C. (1988) 'History of philosophy: the analytical ideal', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 62

Taylor, C. (1988) 'The hermeneutics of conflict' in J. Tully (ed.) Meaning and Context: Quentin Skinner and his Critics

 

@ History of political thought: introductions and surveys

Sabine, G.H. (1937) A History of Political Thought, 4th ed. 1973 (with T. Thorson)

Wolin, S. (1960) Politics and Vision: Continuity and Innovation in Western Political Thought

Plamenatz, J. (1963) Man and Society, 2 vols., new (ed.) in 3 vols. 1991

Strauss, L. and Cropsey, J. (eds) (1972) History of Political Philosophy, 2nd ed

+ Berki, R.N. (1977) The History of Political Thought: A Short Introduction

+ Redhead, B. (ed.) (1984) Plato to Nato: Studies in Political Thought, 2nd ed. 1990

Tannenbaum, D. and Schultz , D. (1998) Inventors of Ideas: Introduction to Western Political Philosophy, 2nd ed. 2003

Boucher, D. and Kelly, P. (2003) Political Thinkers: From Socrates to the Present 0]

White, M. (2003) Political Philosophy: An Historical Introduction

Farrell, H.P. (2010) An Introduction to Political Philosophy

Howard, D. (2010) The Primacy of the Political: An Introduction to the History of Political Thought

 

@ Ancient and medieval political thought

Carlyle, A.J. (1930) A History of Medieval Political Theory

Wilks, M.J. (1963) The Problem of Sovereignty in the Later Middle Ages

Ullman, W. (1961) Principles of Government and Politics in the Middle Ages

Skinner, Q. (1978) The Foundations of Modern Political Thought, 2 vols

Coleman, J. (2000) A History of Political Thought: From Ancient Greece to Early Christianity

Coleman, J. (2000) A History of Political Thought: From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance

 

@ Modern political thought (from Hobbes)

Ferry, L. [198?] Political Philosophy, Vol. 1: Rights - the New Quarrel Between the Ancients and the Moderns, tr. F. Philip 1990

Ferry, L. [198?] Political Philosophy, Vol. 2: The System of Philosophies of History, tr. F. Philip 1992

Ferry, L. and A. Renaut [1985] Political Philosophy, Vol. 3: From the Rights of Man to the Republican Idea, tr. F. Philip 1992

* Hampsher-Monk, I. (1993) A History of Modern Political Thought

Levine, A. (2001) Engaging Political Philosophy: From Hobbes to Rawls

 

@ CONCEPTS IN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

 

@ Essential contestability

Gallie, W.B. (1955-56) 'Essentially contested concepts', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 56, 1955-56, reprinted in The Importance of Language, (ed.) M. Black, and (slightly reworked) as ch. 8 of Gallie's Philosophy and the Historical Understanding

Connolly, W.E. (1974/93) 'Essentially contested concepts in politics', ch. 1 of The Terms of Political Discourse

Gray, J. (1983) 'Political power, social theory and essential contestability', in The Nature of Political Theory, (eds) D. Miller and L. Siedentop

Miller, D. (1983) 'Linguistic philosophy and political theory', in The Nature of Political Theory, (eds) D. Miller and L. Siedentop

 

@ Surveys of political concepts

Scruton, R. (1982) A Dictionary of Political Thought

Miller, D. (1987) The Blackwell Dictionary of Political Thought

Miller, D. (1991) The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought

Bealey, F. (ed.) (1999) The Blackwell Dictionary of Political Science

Outhwaite, W. and Bottomore, T. (eds) The Blackwell Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Social Thought

Connolly, W.E. The Terms of Political Discourse

Flathman, R.B. (ed.) Concepts in Social and Political Philosophy

Richter, M. The History of Political and Social Concepts: A Critical Introduction

 

@ BIBLE AND KORAN

 

@ Justice in the Bible

Marshall, I.H. (1977) The Biblical Concept of Justice

Malchow, M.V. (1996) Social Justice in the Hebrew Bible: What Is New and What Is Old

Dershowitz, A.M. (2001) The Genesis of Justice

 

@ PLATO

 

@ Plato's political thought: texts

Republic of Plato, esp. 357A-376E, 427C-445B

 

@ Plato's political thought: introductions

Foster, M.B. (1935) The Political Philosophies of Plato and Hegel, chs. 1-2

Wolin, S. (1960) Politics and Vision, ch. 2

Gouldner, A.W. (1967) Enter Plato, esp. ch. 6

Hall, R.W. (1981) Plato, esp. chs. 2-5

Klosko, George (1986) The Development of Plato's Political Theory, chs. 1,9,10

Melling, D.J. (1987) Understanding Plato, chs. 8-10

 

@ Plato's political thought: influential interpretations

Barker, E. (1906) The Political Thought of Plato and Aristotle, ch. 3 (This chapter later rewritten as chs. 8-11 of Barker's Greek Political Theory, 1918)

Popper, K. (1945) The Open Society and its Enemies, 5th ed. 1966, Vol. 1, esp. chs. 6-7

Strauss, L. (1964) The City and Man or his Natural Right and History, 1950, chs. 3-4)

 

@ Republic: introductions

Nettleship, R.L. (1897) Lectures on the Republic of Plato, 2nd ed. 1901

Cross, R.C. and Woozley, A.D (1964) Plato's Republic: A Philosophical Commentary, esp. chs. 3-6

White, N.P. (1979) A Companion to Plato's Republic

* Annas, J. (1981) An Introduction to Plato's Republic, esp. chs. 4-6

* Sayers, S. (1999) Plato's Republic: An Introduction

 

@ Introductions to the concept of justice

Hart, H.L.A. (1961) The Concept of Law, 151-163

Campbell, T. (1988) Justice, ch. 1

 

@ Plato's account of justice in city and soul

* Plato, Republic 357a-362c, 367e-376c, 427c-444e

Campbell, T. (19?) Justice, ch. 1

Levinson, R.B. (1953) In Defence of Plato, 397-424

Crombie, I.M. (1963) An Examination of Plato's Doctrines, Vol. 1, esp. ch. 3

Vlastos, G. (ed.) (1971) Plato, Vol 2, articles by Leys, Bambrough

Vlastos, G. (1971) 'Justice and happiness in the Republic' in G. Vlastos (ed.) Plato vol. 2, reprinted in Vlastos' Platonic Studies (1973)

Gosling, J.C.B. (1973) Plato, ch. 1

Williams, B. (1973) 'The analogy of city and soul in Plato's Republic' in E.N. Lee, A.P. Mourelatos and R.M. Rorty (eds) Exegesis and Argument

Vlastos, G. (1977) 'The theory of social justice in the Polis in Plato's Republic' in H.F. North (ed.) Interpretations of Plato

Moline, J. (1978) 'Plato on the complexity of the psyche', Archiv fur Geschichte der Philosophie, 60(1)

Annas, J. (1981) An Introduction to Plato's Republic, chs. 4-5

 

@ Plato on the soul (psyche)

Plato, Republic, 511b-c, 532a, 534b

Plato, Phaedo

Plato, Phaedrus

Plato, Timaeus

+ Rhode, E. [1897] Psyche: The Cult of Souls and Belief in Immortality among the Greeks, ch. 13 'Plato'

+ Moore, C.H. (1963) Ancient Beliefs in the Immortality of the Soul, ch. 2 'Plato, Aristotle'

 

@ Plato and democracy

Plato, Republic, 487e- 489c, 562b-563e

* Plato, Apology

Redhead (ed.) Plato to Nato, ch. 1

Berki, The History of Political Thought, ch. 1

Raphael, Problems of Political Philosophy, ch. 3 (1st ed.) or ch. 6 (2nd ed.)

Dahl, R. (1989) Democracy and its Critics, section on Plato

 

@ Plato and women

Plato, Republic book 5 449a-471c

Barker, E. (1918) Greek Political Theory, ch. 10 JB 110 Bar

Saxonhouse, A. (1976) 'Philosopher and female in the political thought of Plato', Political Theory 4(2)

Okin, S.M. (1979) Women in Western Political Thought, part 1

Annas, J. (1981) An Introduction to Plato's Republic, ch. 7

Elshtain, J.B. (1981) Public Man, Private Woman, 19-41

Okin, S.M. (1982) 'Philosopher queens and private wives: Plato on women and the family', in J.B. Elshtain (ed.) The Family in Political Thought

Saxonhouse, A. (1985) Women in the History of Political Thought: Ancient Greece to Machiavelli, ch. on Plato HC 6450

+ Sayers, S. (1999) Plato's Republic: An Introduction, ch. 8

Buchan, M. (1999) Women in Plato's Political Theory

 

@ ARISTOTLE

(For Aristotle's ethics see An ethics bibliography: 'Aristotle and virtue ethics')

 

@ Aristotle's political thought: texts

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics bks. 1,5,10

Aristotle, Politics books 1.1-1.7, 3.1-3.4, 7.1, 7.13-7.14

 

@ Aristotle's political thought: background

Sinclair, T.A. (1951) A History of Greek Political Thought, 2nd ed. 1967, ch. 11

Wolin, S. (1960) Politics and Vision, ch. 2 sec. 4-7 (pp. 51-66)

Finley, M.I. (1985) Democracy Ancient and Modern

 

@ Aristotle's political thought: introductions

Ross, W.D. (1923) Aristotle, 5th ed. 1949, ch. 8

Barker, E. (1946) The Politics of Aristotle, introduction

* Mulgan, R.J. (1977) Aristotle's Political Theory: An Introduction for Students of Political Theory, chs. 1-3

Morrall, J.B. (1977) Aristotle, ch. 4

Barnes, J. (1982) Aristotle, chs. 16-18

Irwin, T.H. (1988) Aristotle's First Principles, ch. 19 'The state'

Coleman, J. (2000) A History of Political Thought: From Ancient Greece to Early Christianity, pp. 149-158, 186-222

Miller, F.F. Jr. (2003) 'Aristotle: ethics and politics' in C. Shields (ed.) The Blackwell Guide to Ancient Philosophy

Williamson, T. 'Thad Williamson's Study Guide to Aristotle's Politics'

 

@ Aristotle's political thought: collections

Keyt, D. and Miller, F.D. (eds) (1991) A Companion to Aristotle's Politics

Lord, C. and O'Connor, D. (eds) (1991) Essays on the Foundations of Aristotelian Political Science

Barnes J. et al., eds. (1997) Articles on Aristotle, vol. 2, Ethics and Politics

 

@ Aristotle's political thought: fuller studies

Newman, W.L. (1887-1902) The Politics of Aristotle, 4 vols., translated with essays

Barker, E. (1946) The Politics of Aristotle

Salkever, S.G. (1990) Finding the Mean: Theory and Practice in Aristotelian Political Philosophy

Swanson, J.A. (1992) The Public and the Private in Aristotle's Political Philosophy

Nichols, M. (1992) Citizens and Statesmen: A Study of Aristotle's Politics

Yack, B. (1993) The Problems of a Political Animal: Community, Justice, and Conflict in Aristotelian Political Thought

Nichols, M. (1993) Citizens and Statesmen: A Study of Aristotle's Politics

Saunders, T.J. (1995) Aristotle: Politics, Books 1 and 2, translated with a commentary

Miller, F.D. Jr. (1995) Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics

Davis, M. (1996) The Politics of Philosophy: A Commentary on Aristotle's Politics

Simpson, P. (1998) A Philosophical Commentary on the Politics of Aristotle

Kraut, R. (2002) Aristotle: Political Philosophy

 

@ Relation between Aristotle's ethics and the politics

Cashdollar, S. (1973) 'Aristotle's politics of morals', Journal of Hellenic Philosophy 11

Adkins, A.W. (1984) 'The connection between Aristotle's ethics and politics', Political Theory 12(1)

Irwin, T.H. (1985) 'Moral science and political theory in Aristotle', History of Political Thought 6

Kraut, R. (1989) Aristotle on the Human Good, chs. 1,6

Irwin, T. (1990) 'The good of political activity', in G. Patzig (ed) Aristoteles' Politik

Mulgan, R. (1990) 'Aristotle and the value of political participation', Political Theory 18(2)

Bod鵈s, R. (1993) The Political Dimensions of Aristotle's Ethics

Tesssitore, A. (1996) Reading Aristotle's 'Ethics': Virtue, Rhetoric, and Political Philosophy

 

@ Aristotle on friendship, civic friendship and homonia

Cooper, J.M. (1977) 'Friendship and the good in Aristotle', Philosphical Review 86(3)

Cooper, J.M. (1977) 'Aristotle on the forms of friendship', Review of Metaphysics 30(4) (http://tinyurl.com/9bqyej)

Cooper, J.M. (1980) 'Aristotle on friendship', in A.O. Rorty (ed.) Essays on Aristotle's Ethics

Irwin, T.H. (1988) Aristotle's First Principles, ch. 18 'The good of others'

Cooper, J. (1993) 'Political animals and civic friendship," in N. Kapur (ed.) Friendship: A Philosophical Reader, reprinted in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory

Schwarzenbach, S.A. (1996) 'On civic friendship', Ethics 107(1)

Klonoski R. (1996) 'Homonoia in Aristotle's ethics and politics', History of Political Thought 17(3)

Mulgan, R. (2000) 'The role of friendship in Aristotle's political theory', in P. King and H. Devere (eds) The Challenge to Friendship in Modernity

Vander Valk, F. (2004-5) 'Political friendship and the second self in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics', Innovations 5

Irrera, E. (2005) 'Between advantage and virtue: Aristotle's theory of political friendship', History of Political Thought 26(4)

Cooper, J.M. (2009) 'Political community and the highest good', in J.G. Lennox (ed.) Being, Nature, and Life in Aristotle: Essays in Honor of Allan Gotthelf, also available online

 

@ Aristotle on the nature of the state, and the nature of man

(Man as a political animal)

(Including political/constitutional rule)

(See also An ethics bibliography: 'Aristotle: function argument')

Bradley, A.C. (1880) 'Aristotle's conception of the state', in E. Abbott (ed.) Hellenica

von Fritz, K. and Kapp, E. [1950] 'The development of Aristotle's political philosophy and the concept of nature', in J. Barnes et. al. (eds) Articles on Aristotle Vol. 2, 1977

Develin, R. (1973) 'The good man and the good citizen in Aristotle's Politics', Phronesis 18

Mulgan, R.G. (1974) 'Aristotle's doctrine that man is a political animal', Hermes 102(3)

Clark, S.R. (1975) Aristotle's Man: Speculations in Aristotelian Anthropology, 2.1, 3.3

Ambler, W. (1985) 'Aristotle's understanding of the naturalness of the city', Review of Politics 47

Everson, S. (1988) 'Aristotle on the foundations of the state', Political Studies 36

Kullmann, W. (1991) 'Man as a political animal in Aristotle', in D. Keyt and F.D. Miller Jr. (eds) A Companion to Aristotle's Politics

Keyt, D. (1991) 'Three basic theorems in Aristotle's Politics', in D. Keyt and F.D. Miller Jr. (eds) A Companion to Aristotle's Politics

Chan, J. (1992) 'Does Aristotle's political theory rest on a blunder?', History of Political Thought 12(2)

Nederman, C.J. (1994) 'The puzzle of the political animal: nature and artifice in Aristotle's political theory', Review of Politics 56(2)

* Miller, F.D. Jr. (1995) Nature, Justice and Rights in Aristotle's Politics, ch. 2 'Nature and politics'

Depew, D.J. (1995) 'Humans and other political animals in Aristotle's History of Animals', Phronesis 40

+ Taylor, C.C. W. (1995) 'Politics' in J. Barnes (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle

Annas, J. (1996) 'Aristotle on human nature and political virtue', Review of Metaphysics 49

Cooper, J.M. (1999) 'Political animals and civic friendship', in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory

Cheery, G. (2006) 'Does Aristotle's polis exist by nature?', History of Political Thought 27(4)

 

@ Aristotle on moral education

Irwin, T.H. (1988) Aristotle's First Principles, sec. 223

 

@ Aristotle on the best constitution

Vander Waerdt, P.A. (1985) 'Kingship and philosophy in Aristotle's best regime', Phronesis 30(3)

Coby, P. (1986) 'Aristotle's four concepts of politics', Western Political Quarterly 39(3)

Newell, W.R. (1987) 'Superlative virtue: the problem of monarchy in Aristotle's Politics', Western Political Quarterly 40(1)

Lindsay, T.K. (1991) 'The "god-like man" versus the "best laws": politics and religion in Aristotle's Politics', Review of Politics 53(3)

Miller, F.D. Jr. (1995) Nature, Justice and Rights in Aristotle's Politics, ch. 6.1 (pp. 191-3)

Alexander L.A. (2000) ' The best regimes of Aristotle's Politics', History of Political Thought 21(2)

 

@ Aristotle on justice

Ross, W.D. (1923) Aristotle, 5th ed. 1949, 209-215

Allan, D.J. (1965) 'Individual and state in Aristotle's Ethics and Politics' in La 'Politique' d'Aristote, Fondation Hardt, Entretiens Xl

Hardie, W.F. (1968) Aristotle's Ethical Theory, 2nd ed. 1980, ch. 10

Williams, B. (1980) 'Justice as a virtue', in A.O. Rorty (ed.) Essays on Aristotle's Ethics

Von Leyden, W. (1985) Aristotle on Equality and Justice: His Political Argument

O'Connor, D.K. (1991) 'The aetiology of justice', in C. Lord and D.K. O'Connor (eds) Essays on the Foundations of Aristotelian Political Science

Miller, F.D. Jr. (1995) Nature, Justice and Rights in Aristotle's Politics, ch. 3 'Justice'

 

@ Aristotle on rights and natural law

Yack, B. (1990) 'Natural right and Aristotle's understanding of justice', Political Theory 18(2)

Miller, F.D. Jr. (1995) Nature, Justice and Rights in Aristotle's Politics

Miller, F.D. Jr. (1996) 'Aristotle and the origins of natural rights', Review of Metaphysics 49(4)

Schofield, M. (1996) 'Sharing in the constitution', Review of Metaphysics 49(4)

Kraut, R. (1996) 'Are there natural rights in Aristotle?', Review of Metaphysics 49(4)

Burns, T. (1998) 'Aristotle and natural law', History of Political Thought 19(2)

 

@ Aristotle on political obligation

Rosler, A. (2005) Political Authority and Obligation in Aristotle

 

@ Aristotle and slavery

Nussbaum, M. (1988) 'Nature, function and capability: Aristotle on political distribution', in J. Annas and R. Grimm (eds) Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Supplementary Volume 1988

Annas, J. (1995) The Morality of Happiness, ch. 4 'Aristotle: nature and mere nature'

Frank, J. (2004) 'Citizens, slaves and foreigners: Aristotle on human nature', American Political Science Review 98

 

@ Aristotle and feminism

(See separate bibliography)

 

@ GREEN, T.H.

 

@ Green: texts

Green, T.H. (1882) Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation

Green, T.H. (1883) Prolegomena to Ethics

 

@ Green: commentary

Dimova-Cookson, M. (2001) T. H. Green's Moral and Political Philosophy : A Phenomenological Perspective

Dimova-Cookson, M. (2003) 'A new scheme of positive and negative freedom: reconstructing T. H. Green on freedom', Political Theory 31(4)

Carter, M. (2003) T.H. Green and the Development of Ethical Socialism

Wempe, B. (2nd ed. 2004) T. H. Green's Theory of Positive Freedom: From Metaphysics To Political Theory

 

@ GROTIUS

 

@ Grotius: texts

Grotius [1625] De jure belli ac pacis (On the Law of War and Peace), Prolegomena, book 1 chapter 1 (this book also available without the Prolegomena as The Rights of War and Peace at (http://oll.libertyfund.org)

 

@ Grotius's theory of natural law

Tuck, R. (1979) Natural Rights Theories: Their Origin and Development, ch. 3

Haakonssen, K. (1985) 'Hugo Grotius and the history of political thought', Political Theory 13

Haakonssen, K. (1996) Natural Law and Moral Philosophy: from Grotius to the Scottish Enlightenment, ch. on Grotius

Buckle, S. (1991) Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume, ch. 1

 

@ Grotius's international theory

(See this)

 

@ HOBBES

 

@ Hobbes: texts

Hobbes, De Cive [1642] (tr. as Philosophical Rudiments of Government and Society [1650]), chs. 1-8, 14 (Included in B. Gert (ed.) Man and Citizen 1970)

Hobbes, Leviathan [1651], chs. 11-30, Review and conclusion (esp. chs. 11, 13-21, 29-30)

 

@ Hobbes: introductions

+ Redhead, Plato to Nato, ch. 7

Raphael, D.D. (1977) Hobbes: Morals and Politics, see esp. ch. 7

von Leyden, W. (1981) Hobbes and Locke: The Politics of Freedom and Obligation, chs. 1-3

Tuck, R. (1984) Hobbes (Pastmasters), 51-79, part 3

Rapaczynski, A. (1987) Nature and Politics: Liberalism in the Philosophies of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau, chs. 1-2

Ryan, A. (1996) 'Hobbes's political philosophy', in T. Sorell (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes

+ Wolff, J. (1996) An Introduction to Political Philosophy, 8-18

 

@ Hobbes: collections of articles

Brown, K.C. (ed.) (1965) Hobbes Studies

Baumrin, B. (ed.) (1969) Hobbes's Leviathan

Rogers, G.A.J. and Ryan, A. (ed.) (1988) Perspectives on Thomas Hobbes

Lively, J. and Reeve, A. (eds) (1989) Modern Political Theory from Hobbes to Marx (two articles on Hobbes)

Sorell, T. (ed.) (1996) The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes

 

@ Hobbes: influential interpretations

Oakeshott, M. (1946) 'Introduction' to Leviathan, ed. M. Oakeshott, reprinted in Oakeshott's Hobbes on Civil Association 1975

Strauss, L. (1953) Natural Right and History, ch. 5A reprinted as 'On the spirit of Hobbes' political philosophy', in Brown ed. Hobbes Studies

Strauss, L. (1936) The Political Philosophy of Hobbes

Macpherson, C.B. (1962) The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism, ch. 2 or 'Introduction' (1969) to Penguin edition of Leviathan or 'Hobbes today' (1945) Canadian Journal of Philosophy, reprinted as 'Hobbes' bourgeois man' in Brown ed. Hobbes Studies

 

@ Hobbes: more advanced works

Goldsmith, M.M. (1966) Hobbes's Science of Politics

McNeilly, F.C. (1968) The Anatomy of Leviathan

Gauthier, D.P. (1969) The Logic of Leviathan

Watkins, J.W. (1973) Hobbes's System of Ideas

Kavka, G. (1986) Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory

Sorell, T. (1986) Hobbes

Hampton, J. (1986) Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition

Kraynak, R. (1990) History and Modernity in the Thought of Thomas Hobbes

Kraus, J.S. (1993) The Limits of Hobbesian Contractarianism

Flathman, R.E. (1993) Thomas Hobbes: S kepticism, Individuality and Chastened Politics

 

@ Hobbes' historical context

Sommerville, J.P. (1992) Thomas Hobbes: Political Ideas in their Historical Context

Somerville, J.P. Thomas Hobbes: Political Ideas in Historical Context

Skinner, Q. 'Conquest and consent: Thomas Hobbes and the engagement controversy', in G E Aylmer (ed.) The Interregnum

 

@ Hobbes, natural law theory and Aristotle

(See also 'Hobbes's ethical stance')

(See also 'Natural law and natural rights theories: historical surveys')

(On what kind of 'break' Hobbes makes with the classical and medieval traditions)

Bobbio, N. [19?] Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law Tradition, tr. 1993

Spragens, T.A. (1973) The Politics of Motion

State, S. (1991) Thomas Hobbes and the Debate over Natural Law and Religion

Riedel, M. [1982] 'Paradigm evolution in political philosophy: Aristotle and Hobbes', in R. Lilly (ed.) The Ancients and the Moderns 1996

Forster, G. (2003) 'Divine law and human law in Hobbes's Leviathan', History of Political Thought 24(2)

 

@ Hobbes: alternative introductions

Wolin, S. (1961) Politics and Vision, ch. 8

Hirschmann, A.O. (1977) The Passions and the Interests, part 1

Jacobsen, N. (1978) Pride and Solace, ch. 3

Riley, P. (1982) Will and Political Legitimacy: A Critical Exposition of Social Contract Theory, ch. 2

 

@ Hobbes's human psychology in the argument for the state of war

McNeilly, F.S. (1966) 'Egoism in Hobbes', Philosophical Quarterly 64

Kavka, G. (1983) 'Hobbes's war of all against all', Ethics 93

Kavka, G. (1986) Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory, chs. 2-3

Hampton, J. (1986) Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition, chs. 2-3

 

@ Collective action problem

(See also 'Public goods)

Olson, M. (1965) The Logic of Collective Action, chs. 1-2

Hardin, R. (1982) Collective Action

Elster, J. (1983) Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences, chs. 3, 13

* Weale, A. (1984) 'Politics as collective choice', 52-61, in A. Leftwich (ed.) What is Politics?

Axelrod, R. (1984) The Evolution of Cooperation, chs. 1-2

Audi, R. (ed.) (1995) The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, entry on the 'Prisoner's Dilemma'

Reisman, D. (19?) Theories of Collective Action: Downs, Olson and Hirsch

Mueller, D.C. (19?) The Public Choice Approach to Politics

 

@ Hobbes and the public goods justification of the state

Hobbes, Leviathan, chs. 6, 10-13

Godwin, W. [18?] Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, abridged and (ed.) K. Carter 1971

Gauthier, D.P. (1969) The Logic of Leviathan, ch. 1

Nozick, Robert (1975) Anarchy State and Utopia part 1

Taylor, M. (1976) Anarchy and Cooperation, 2nd ed. 1987 (as The Possibility of Cooperation) chs. 1, 6 (sec. 1), 7

Laver, M. (1981) The Politics of Private Desires, chs. 1-2

Taylor, M. (1982) Community, Anarchy and Liberty, chs. 1-2

Hampton, J. (1986) Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition, ch. 3

Kavka, G. (1986) Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory, ch. 3

 

@ Hobbes's ethical stance

(The status of natural rights and laws of nature)

(See also 'Hobbes, natural law theory and classical political philosophy')

Hobbes Leviathan, OUP 1996, 7, 106, 371

Taylor, A.E. (1938) 'The ethical doctrine of Hobbes', Philosophy ?, reprinted in Brown (ed.) Hobbes Studies and in Lively and Reeve (eds) Modern Political Theory from Hobbes to Marx

Nagel, T. (1959) 'Hobbes' concept of obligation', Philosophical Review 68, reprinted in Brown (ed.)

Gauthier, D.P. (1969) The Logic of Leviathan, ch. 2

* Hampton, J. (1986) Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition, ch. 1 sec. 5

+ Wolff, J. (1996) An Introduction to Political Philosophy, 14-18

 

@ Hobbes and political obligation

Hobbes, Leviathan, chs. 14-18, 21

Plamenatz, J. (1963) Man and Society vol. 1, ch. 4, sec. 4 'The making and keeping of the covenant'

Gert, B. (1972) 'Introduction' to Hobbes, Man and Citizen. (ed.) B. Gert

Barry, B. (1968) 'Warrender and his critics', Philosophy 42, reprinted in Lively and Reeve eds. Modern Political Theory from Hobbes to Marx

Steiner, H. (1974-75) 'Individual liberty', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 75

Taylor, M. (1976) Anarchy and Cooperation, 2nd ed. 1987 (as The Possibility of Cooperation) ch. 6 sec. 1

Kavka, G. (1986) Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory, ch. 10

Hampton, J. (1986) Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition, chs. 7-9

Wolff, J. (1990-91) 'What is the problem of political obligation?', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91

 

@ Hobbes on representation, authorisation and democracy

Leviathan, ch. 16

De Cive, ch. 6 sec. 1

Pitkin, H. (1961) The Concept of Representation, ch. 2 'The problem of Thomas Hobbes'

Pitkin, H. (1964) 'Hobbes's concept of representation - II', American Political Science Review 58(4)

Gauthier, D. (1969) The Logic of Leviathan, pp. 99-177

Orwin, C. (1975) 'On the sovereign authorization', Political Theory 3(1)

Copp, D. (1980) 'Hobbes on artificial persons and collective actions', The Philosophical Review 89(4)

Riley, P. (1982) Will and Political Legitimacy: A Critical Exposition of Social Contract Theory, ch. 2

Brown, K. (1980) 'Thomas Hobbes and the title-page of "Leviathan"', Philosophy 55(213) (http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.sussex.ac.uk/stable/3750824)

Gauthier, D. (1988) 'Hobbes's social contract', Nous 22

Skinner, Q. (1999) 'Hobbes and the purely artificial person of the state', Journal of Political Philosophy 7(1)

Runciman, D. (2002) 'What kind of person is Hobbes's state? A reply to Skinner', Journal of Political Philosophy 8(2)

Runciman, D. (2010) 'Hobbes's theory of representation: anti-democratic or proto-democratic?', in Ian Shapiro, Susan C. Stokes, Elisabeth Jean Wood, and Alexander S. Kirshner (eds) Political Representation

 

@ Hobbes and freedom

Pennock, R.J. (1960) 'Hobbes's confusing "clarity" - the case of "liberty"", American Political Science Review 54(2)

Mill, D.V. (1995) 'Hobbes theories of freedom', Journal of Politics 57(2)

Harman, J. D. (1997) 'Liberty, rights and will in Hobbes: a response to David Van Mill', Journal of Politics, 59(3)

 

@ Hobbes on the limits of state power

Plamenatz, J. (1963) Man and Society vol. 1, ch. 4, sec. 6

Morgan, G. (1982) 'Hobbes and the right of self-defence', Political Studies 30(3)

Trainor, B.T. (1984) 'Hobbes's sovereign and the right of self-defence', Political Studies 32(2)

* Kavka, G. (1986) Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory, secs. 4.4, 5.1, 5.5, ch. 8

Hampton, J. (1986) Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition, ch. 4

 

@ Hobbes's method

(As compared with the methods of physics and geometry)

Hobbes Leviathan, OUP 1996, 8, 105-6

Hobbes De Homine in On Man and Citizen (ed.) B. Gert, 41-43

Hobbes De Cive in On Man and Citizen (ed.) B. Gert, 98-99

Watkins, J.W. (1973) Hobbes's System of Ideas, ch. 3

Sorell, T. (1986) Hobbes, c. 18-19

 

@ Hobbes and international relations

Williams, M. (1996) 'Hobbes and international relations: a reconsideration' International Organization 50(2), 213-236

 

@ KROPOTKIN

(See also 'Kropotkin bibliography')

 

@ Kropotkin: texts

Kropotkin, P. (1924) Ethics: Origin and Development, also available online

Kropotkin, P. (2002) Anarchism: A Collection of Revolutionary Writings

 

@ PUFENDORF

 

@ Pufendorf: texts

Pufendorf, S. The Political Writings of Samuel Pufendorf , (ed.) C.L. Carr 1994

Pufendorf, S. [1672] Of the Law of Nature and Nations [De jure naturae et gentium] (available online)

Pufendorf, S. [1673] On the Duty of Man and Citizen According to Natural Law [De officio hominis et civis juxta legem naturalem] (ed.) J. Tully 1991 or as The Whole Duty of Man According to the Law of Nature, tr. A. Tooke 1691, (eds) I. Hunter and D. Saunders 2003 (available online)

Pufendorf, S. [1675] On the Natural State of Men [De statu hominum naturali] (ed.) M. Seidler 1990

 

@ Pufendorf: introductions

Schneewind, J.B. (1987) 'Pufendorf's place in the history of ethics', Synthese 72, pp. 123-155

Carr, C.L. and Seidler, M.J. (1996) 'Pufendorf, sociality and the modern state', History of Political Thought. 17(3)

 

@ Pufendorf: commentaries

Kreiger, L. (1965) The Politics of Discretion: Pufendorf and the Acceptance of Natural Law

Laurent, P. (1982) Pufendorf et la loi naturelle

Haakonssen, K. (ed.) (1998) Grotius, Pufendorf and Modern Natural Law

Goyard-Fabre, S. (1994) Pufendorf et le droit naturel

Saastamoinen, K. (1995) The Morality of the Fallen Man: Samuel Pufendorf on Natural Law

 

@ Pufendorf on natural law amd the statte of nature

Nutkiewica, M. (1983) 'Samuel Pufendorf: obligation as the basis of the state', Journal of the History of Philosophy 21, pp. 15-30

 

@ Pufendorf on property

Watner, C. (1982) The proprietary theory of justice in the libertarian tradition, Journal of Libertarian Studies 6, pp. 289-316

Schmidlin, B. (1982) 'La propriete et ses limites', Studia Philosophica 41, pp. 63-76

Simmons, A. John

 

@ Pufendorf on the state and political authority

Seidler, M. (1993) 'Religion, populism, and patriarchy: political authority from Luther to Pufendorf', Ethics 103(3), pp. 551-569

Behme, T. (1998) 'Samuel von Pufendorf: Naturrecht und Staat: Eine Analyse und Interpretation seiner Theorie, ihrer Grundlagen und Probleme', History of Political Thought 19(4)

 

@ Pufendorf, Hobbes and Locke

Goyard-Fabre, S. (1989) 'Pufendorf, adversaire de Hobbes', Hobbes Studies 2, pp. 65-86

 

@ LOCKE

 

@ Locke's political philosophy: texts

Locke, Second Treatise, chs. 2,6-13,15,19, esp. secs. 4-16, 59-60, 87-91, 95-99, 104-7, 116-122, 123-132, 134-9, 149-53, 197-202, 211-220, 225, 230, 240

 

@ Locke's political philosophy: introductions

* Laslett, P. (1960) 'Introduction', part 5, to Locke: Two Treatises of Government, (ed.) P. Laslett

Wolin, S. (1960) Politics and Vision, ch. 9

Plamenatz, J. (1963) Man and Society, vol. 1 ch. 6

Parry, G. (1978) John Locke, esp. chs. 3-6

Dunn, J. (1984) Locke, Pastmasters, ch. 2

* Hampsher-Monk, I. (1992) A History of Modern Political Thought, ch. 2 'John Locke'

 

@ Locke's political philosophy: fuller treatments

Gough, J.W. (1950) John Locke's Political Philosophy, 2nd ed. 1973

Seliger, M. (1968) the Liberal Politics of John Locke

Dunn, J. (1969) The Political Thought of John Locke, chs. 8-14

Mabbott, J. (1973) John Locke

von Leyden, W. (1981) Hobbes and Locke, section on Locke

Ashcraft, R. (1986) Revolutionary Politics and Locke's 'Two Treatises of Government'

Ashcraft, R. (1987) Locke's Two Treatises of Government

Seliger, S. The Liberal Politics of John Locke

* Lloyd Thomas, D. (1995) Locke on Government, Routledge Philosophy Guide

Franklin, J.H. John Locke and the Theory of Sovereignty

Harris, I. The Mind of John Locke: a study of his political theory

 

@ Locke's political philosophy as ideology

Strauss, L. (1953) Natural Right and History, ch. 5B

Macpherson, C.B. (1962) The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism, ch. 5

Dunn, J. (1969) The Political Thought of John Locke, esp. chs. 1,7

Tully, J. (1980) A Discourse on Property: John Locke and his Adversaries

Wood, N. (19?) John Locke and Agrarian Capitalism

 

@ Locke on natural law, natural rights, and the state of nature

(For natural rights in general see 'natural rights')

Locke, J. [1663-64] Essays on the Law of Nature, (ed.) W. von Leyden 1954, or in M. Goldie (ed.) Locke: Political Essays 1997

Gough, J.W. (1950) John Locke's Political Philosophy, 2nd ed. 1973, chs. 1-2

Brown, S.M. (1955) 'Inalienable rights', Philosophical Review, April 1955

Frankena, W.K. (1955) 'Natural and inalienable rights', Philosophical Review, April 1955

Jenkins, J. (1967) 'Locke and natural rights', Philosophy, April 1967

Simmons, A. John

Simmons, A. John

Simmons, A. John

+ Lloyd-Thomas, D. (1995) Locke on Government, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook, pp. 15-19

 

@ Locke on property: texts

Locke [1689] Two Treatises of Government, (ed.) P. Laslett, 1960, 2nd ed. 1967 (recommended edition): First Treatise secs. 29, 39-43, 86-93, Second Treatise secs. 1-16, 25-51, 134-135, 149, 183

 

@ Locke on property: commentaries

(For critiques and revisions of Locke's theory in recent political philosophy see 'Self-owernship and world ownership')

* Becker, L.C. (1977) Property Rights: Philosophic Foundations, ch. 4

Steinber, H. (1977) 'The natural right to the means of production', Philosophical Quarterly 27

Waldron, J. (1979) 'Enough and as good for others', Philosophical Quarterly

+ Ryan, A. (1984) Property and Political Theory, ch. 1

Cohen, G.A. (1985) 'Marx and Locke on land and labour', Proceedings of the British Academy 71

Grunebaum, J.O. (1987) Private Ownership, ch. 3A

Waldron, J. (1988) The Right to Private Property, introduction, ch. 6

Williams, A. (1992) 'Cohen on Locke, Land and Labour', Political Studies 40

 

@ Property as the extension of the self in Locke

Macpherson, C.B. (1962) The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism, ch. 5

Olivecrona, K. (1974) 'Locke's theory of appropriation', Philosophical Quarterly 24

Olivecrona, K. (1974) 'Appropriation in the state of nature: Locke's theory of private property', Journal of the History of Ideas 35

Rapaczynski, A. (1987) Nature and Politics, ch. 4

 

@ Locke on property and his epistemology

Glouberman, M. (1993) 'John Locke: an English transcendentalist', Idealistic Studies 23(2-3), pp.111-122

 

@ Locke on political legitimacy

Gough, J.W. (1950) John Locke's Political Philosophy, 2nd ed. 1973, ch. 3 'Government by consent'

Plamenatz, J. (1963) Man and Society vol. 1 ch. 6 sec. 3 'Locke's conception of society and consent'

Dunn, J. (1967) 'Consent in the political theory of John Locke', Historical Journal 10(2), reprinted in J. Dunn and I. Harris (eds) Locke, Great Political Thinkers, vol. 1

Seliger, S. (1968) The Liberal Politics of John Locke, ch. 7

Dunn, J. (1969) The Political Thought of John Locke, ch. 10

Parry, G. (1978) John Locke, chs. 5-6

Steinberg, J. (1978) Locke, Rousseau and the Idea of Consent

Grant, R.C. (1987) John Locke's Liberalism, Chicago, 64-98

+ Lloyd Thomas, D. (1995) Locke on Government, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook, pp. 19-34

Harvey, M. (2003) 'Classical contractarianism: from absolutism to constitutionalism', International Philosophical Quarterly 43(4)

 

@ Locke on democracy

Wood, E.M. (1982) 'Locke against democracy: representation, consent and suffrage in the Two Treatises', History of Political Thought 13(4)

 

@ Locke on political obligation

Pitkin, H. (1965-66) 'Obligation and consent' parts 1 and 2, American Political Science Review 59 and 60, reprinted in P. Laslett and R.G. Runciman (eds) Philosophy Politics and Society, Fourth Series, 1972

* Simmons, A. John

Russell, P. (1986) 'Locke on express and tacit consent', Political Theory

Grant, R.C. (1987) John Locke's Liberalism, Chicago, 101-136

+ Lloyd Thomas, D. (1995) Locke on Government, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook, pp. 34-56

 

@ Locke on trusteeship

Gough, J.W. (1950) John Locke's Political Philosophy, 2nd ed. 1973, ch. 7 'Political trusteeship'

Dunn, J. 'The concept of trust in the politics of John Locke', in R Rorty, Q Skinner and J Schneewind eds., Philosophy in History

 

@ Locke on the right of rebellion

Seliger, S. (1968) The Liberal Politics of John Locke, ch. 10

Dunn, J. (1969) The Political Thought of John Locke, ch. 13

Grant, R.C. (1987) John Locke's Liberalism, Chicago, 136-178

Ashcraft, R. (1980) 'Revolutionary politics and Locke's Two Treatises of Government', Political Theory8(4), repinted in J. Dunn and I. Harris (eds) Locke vol. 1

Ashcraft, R. (1987) Locke's Two Treatises of Government, ch. 8

* Lloyd Thomas, D. (1995) Locke on Government, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook, ch. 3

 

@ Locke on democracy and property-ownership

Wood, E.M. (1982) 'Locke against democracy: representation, consent and suffrage in the Two Treatises', History of Political Thought 13(4), reprinted in J. Dunn and I. Harris (eds) Locke, vol. 2

Cohen, Joshua (1986) 'Structure, choice and legitimacy: Locke's theory of the state', Philosophy and Public Affairs, reprinted in J. Dunn and I. Harris (eds) Locke, Great Political Thinkers, vol. 2

 

@ MANDEVILLE

 

@ Mandeville: texts

Mandeville, B. [1705] 'The grumbling hive', in his The Fable of the Bees: Privte Vices, Public Benefits, available online

Mandeville. B. [1714] 'Mandeville on the sources of wealth', [excerpts from The Fable of the Bees], Population and Development Review 17(2), 1991

 

@ Mandeville and commercial society

Kaye, F.B. [1924] 'Introduction' to The Fable of the Bees, section 3 'Mandeville's thought', also available online

Nieli, R. (1989) 'Commercial society and Christian virtue: the Mandeville-Law dispute', Review of Politics 51(4)

 

@ Mandeville and the bee analogy

Hobes, Leviathan, ch. 17, paras. 6-12, available online

Farrell, W.J. (1985) 'The Role of Mandeville's Bee Analogy in "The Grumbling Hive"', Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 25(3)
(http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.sussex.ac.uk/stable/450494)

 

@ ROUSSEAU

(With thanks to Richard Whatmore)

 

@ Rousseau: texts

Discourse on the Sciences and Arts [1750]

* Discourse on Inequality [1755], tr. M. Cranston, Penguin, 1984, in French as Discours sur l'Origine et les Fondements del'Inegalit parmi les Hommes, (ed.) B. de Jouvenel, Collection Folio/Essais, Gallimard, 1965

Discourse on Political Economy [1755] in The Social Contract and Discourses, tr. G.D.H. Cole, revised J.H. Brumfitt and J.C. Hall, Everyman, Dent, London, 1973

* The Social Contract [1762], tr. M. Cranston, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1968, esp. bks. 1,2,4, bk.3 chs. 12-18

* Emile [1762], books 1-4

Letter to D'Alembert [17?] in A Bloom trans. Politics and the Arts

Considerations on the Government of Poland [17?] in Political Writings (ed.) F Watkins

Confessions [17?]

@ Rousseau: collected editions:

The Political Writings of Rousseau, (ed.) C.E. Vaughan, 1915

Political Writings (ed.) F Watkins, London, 1953

Du Contract Social et autres oeuvres politiques, Paris,1973

The Social Contract and Discourses, tr. G.D.H. Cole, revised J.H. Brumfitt and J.C. Hall, Everyman, Dent,1973

The Indispensable Rousseau, (ed.) J.H. Mason, London,1979

The First and Second Discourses, tr. V Gourevitch, New York, 1986

Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The Basic Political Writings, (ed.) P. Gay, tr. D.A. Cress, Hackett, 1987

 

@ Rousseau: biographies

Einaudi, M. (1967) The Early Rousseau

Grimsley, R. (1969) J.-J. Rousseau: A Study of Self-Awareness

Cranston, M. (1982) Jean-Jacques: The Early Life and Work of J-J Rousseau 1712-1754

 

@ Historically influential views of Rousseau's thought

Bosanquet, B. [1899] Philosophical Theory of the State, 2nd ed. (?) 1923, ch. 5

Cassirer, E. [1932] The Question of Jean Jacques Rousseau

Talmon, J.L. (1952) The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy, ch. 3

 

@ History of Rousseau interpretations

Gay, P. (1963) 'Introduction' to E. Casssirer, The Question of Jean‑Jacques Rousseau

Horowitz, A. (1987) Rousseau, Nature and History, ch. 1?

 

@ Rousseau's thought as a whole

Rolland, R. (1943) The Living Thoughts of Rousseau

Derath, R. (1948) Le Rationalisme de Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Broome, J.H. (1963) Rousseau: A Study of his Thought

Wright, E.R. (1963) The Meaning of Rousseau

Grimsley, R. (1973) The Philosophy of Rousseau, Opus, Oxford University Press, Oxford

Riley, P. (ed.) (2001) The Cambridge Companion to Rousseau

 

@ Rousseau's political thought: introductions

Cassirer, E. [1932] The Philosophy of the Enlightenment, ch. 6

Sabine, G.H. [1937] A History of Political Theory, many subsequent eds., ch. on Rousseau

Plamenatz, J. (1963) Man and Society, vol. 1, ch. 10

Cranston, M. (1968) 'Introduction' to J.‑J. Rousseau, The Social Contract, Penguin, Harmondsworth

Grimsley, R. (1973) The Philosophy of Rousseau, chs. 2-7

* Keohane, N.O. (1980) Philosophy and the State in France

Skillen, A. (1985) 'Rousseau and the fall of social man', Philosophy 60

Wokler, R. (1984) 'Jean-Jacques Rousseau: moral decadence and the pursuit of liberty', in B. Redhead, (ed.) Political Thought from Plato to Nato, London

Wokler, R. (1995) Rousseau, Past Masters

 

@ Rousseau's political thought: fuller treatments

Carritt, E.F. (1935) Morals and Politics, Oxford

Masters, R.D. (1968) The Political Philosophy of J.-J. Rousseau

Shklar, J.N. (1969) Men and Citizens: A Study of Rousseau's Social Theory

Cranston, M. and Peters, R.S. (eds) (1972) Hobbes and Rousseau

Cobban, A. (1972) Rousseau and the Modern State

* Hall, J.C. (1973) Rousseau: An Introduction to his Political Philosophy, chs. 2-5

Charvet, J. (1974) The Social Problem in the Philosophy of Rousseau

Ellenburg, S. (1976) Rousseau's Political Philosophy: An Interpretation from Within

Gildin, H. (1983) Rousseau's 'Social Contract': The Design of the Argument

Miller, J. (1984) Rousseau: Dreamer of Democracy

Dent, N.J.H. (1988) Rousseau

Melzer, ? (1990) The Natural Goodness of Man

Strong, T. (1994) Rousseau: The Politics of the Ordinary

Bertram, C. (2003) Rousseau and The Social Contract, Routledge Philosophy Guide

Cohen, Joshua (2010) Rousseau: A Free Community of Equals

 

@ Discourse on Inequality: general

(See also 'Rousseau on property and commercial society', 'Rousseau's historical anthropology, evolutionism, philosophy of history')

Allers, U.S. (1958) 'Rousseau's second discourse', The Review of Politics 20(1)

Plattner, M.F. (1979) Rousseau's State of Nature: An Interpretation of the Discourse on Inequality, N. Illinois

Skillen, A. (1985) 'Rousseau and the fall of social man', Philosophy 60

 

@ Discourse on Inequality: normative implications

(See also below on 'Rousseau on propety and commercial society)

Lovejoy, A.O. (1923) 'The supposed primitivism of Rousseau's "Discourse on Inequality"', Modern Philology 21(2), reprinted in Lovejoy's Essays in the History of Ideas, 1955

MacAdam, J.I. (1972) 'The Discourse on Inequality and the Social Contract', Philosophy, Oct 1972, reprinted in J. Lively and A. Reeve (eds) Modern Political Theory from Hobbes to Marx 1989

DeLue, S.M. (1974) 'Rousseau: a theory of history that vindicates the common man', Polity 7(2)

Scott, J.T. (1992) 'The theodicy of the Second Discourse: the "pure state of nature" and Rousseau's political thought', American Political Science Review, 86(3)

 

@ Rousseau's historical anthropology, evolutionism, philosophy of history

Jouvenel, B. de (1961-62) 'Rousseau the pessimistic evolutionist', Yale French Studies 28, 83-96

Gossman, L. (1964) 'Time and history in Rousseau', Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 30: Theories of the Political State

Wokler, R. (1978) 'Perfectible apes in decadent cultures: Rousseau's anthropology revisited', Daedalus 107(3)

Wokler, R. and Frayling, C. (1982) 'From the orang-utan to the vampire: towards an anthropology of Rousseau' Rousseau after two hundred years. Proceedings of the Cambridge Bicentennial Colloquium, ed., R. A. Leigh

Horowitz, A. (1987) Rousseau, Nature and History, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Buffalo and London

Horowitz, A. (1990) '"Laws and customs thrust us back into infancy": Rousseau's historical anthropology', Review of Politics 52(2)

 

@ Rousseau on property and commercial society

West, E.G. [1971] 'Adam Smith and Rousseau's Discourse on Inequality: inspiration or provocation?', Journal of Economic Issues 5(2), reprinted in Cunningham Wood 1984, vol. 1

Colletti, L. (1972) 'Mandeville, Rousseau, Smith', in From Rousseau to Lenin, New Left Books, London

Colletti, L. (1972) 'Rousseau as critic of 'civil society'', in From Rousseau to Lenin

Rod, W. (1978) 'Eigentum und Arbeit in Rousseaus politischer und okonomischer Theorie', Archiv fr Rechts und Sozialphilosophie 32, pp. 260-278

Bertil, F. (1998) Rousseau's Economic Philosophy: Beyond the Market of Innocents

 

@ Rousseau on amour propre, intersubjectivity, alienation and selfhood

(See also 'Rousseau on freedom')

'Confession of faith of a Savoyard vicar'

'Letter to d'Alembert on the theatre'

Discourse on Inequality

Reveries of the Solitary Walker

Bacczko, L. and B. (1959-62) 'Rousseau et l'alienation sociale', Annales de J.-J. Rousseau 35

Starobinski, J. [19?] Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Transparency and Obstruction, Chicago, 1988

McManners, J. (1972) 'The Social Contract and Rousseau's revolt against society', in M. Cranston and R. Peters, (eds) Hobbes and Rousseau

Charvet, J. (1974) The Social Problem in the Philosophy of Rousseau

Rapaczynski, A. (1987) Nature and Politics, part 3

Noble, R. (1988) 'Freedom and sentiment in Rousseau's philosophical anthropology', History of Political Thought 9(2)

Dent, N.J.H. (1988) Rousseau, Basil Blackwell, Oxford

Moore, S. (1991) 'Rousseau on alienation and the rights of man', History of Political Thought 12(2)

Alford, C.F. (1991) The Self in Social Theory: A Psychoanalytic Account of its Construction in Plato, Hobbes, Locke, Rawls and Rousseau

Taylor, C. (1992) 'The politics of recognition', parts 1-3, in Amy Gutmann (ed.) Multiculturalism and the 'Politics of Recognition', enlarged edition as Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition, 1994

O'Hagan, T (ed.) (1997) Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Sources of the Self

Neuhouser, N. (2003) 'Rousseau on the relation between reason and self-love (amour propre)', Internationales Jahrbuch des Deutschen Idealismus 1

Dent, N.J.H. (2003) 'Rousseau on amour-propre', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Sup. Vol. 72

O'Hagan, T. (2006) 'Rousseau on amour-propre; six faces of amour-propre', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Sup. Vol. 72

 

@ General will

Rousseau, Social Contract esp. bk. 1 chs. 6-7; bk. 2 chs. 3,6,7; bk. 4 chs. 1-2

Rousseau, 'Discourse on political economy'

Bosanquet, B. [1899] Philosophical Theory of the State, ch. 5

Ginsberg, M. (1919) 'Is there a general will?' Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 20

* Barry, B. (1964) 'The public interest', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Sup. Vol. 38, reprinted in A. Quinton (ed.) Political Philosophy 1967

* Runciman, W.G. and Sen, A. (1965) 'Games, justice and the general will', Mind 74

Thomson, D. (1966) 'Rousseau and the general will', in his Political Ideas

Riley, P. (1970) 'A possible explanation of Rousseau's general will', American Political Science Review 64(1), reprinted in Morris (ed.) The Social Contract Theorists, and as ch. 4 of his Will and Political Legitimacy, 1982

Wood, E.M. (1983) 'The state and popular sovereignty in French political thought: a genealogy of Rousseau's "general will", History of Political Thought 4(2)

Dagger, R. (1981) 'Understanding the general will', Western Political Quarterly 34 (3)

* Elster, J. (1986) 'The market and the forum: three varieties of political theory', in J. Elster and A. Hylland (eds) Foundations of Social Choice Theory

King, P. (1987) 'Towards a theory of the general will', History of Philosophy Quarterly 4(1)

* Jones, W.T. (1987) 'Rousseau's general will and the problem of consent', Journal of the History of Philosophy 25

Hiley, D. (1990) 'The individual and the general will: Rousseau reconsidered', History of Philosophy Quarterly 7(2)

Neuhouser, F. (1993) 'Freedom, dependence and the general will', Philosophical Review 102(3), revised as ch. 2 of his Foundations of Hegel's Social Theory 2000

Sreenivasan, G. (2000) 'What is the general will?', Philosophical Review 109(4)

* Riley, P. (2001) 'The general will' in P. Riley (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Rousseau

Williams, D. (2005) 'Justice and the general will: affirming Rousseau's ancient orientation', Journal of the History of Ideas 66(3)

 

@ Constructivism in Rousseau

Mandle, J. (1997) 'Rousseauian constructivism', Journal of the History of Philosophy 35(4)

 

@ Rousseau on freedom

(Totalitarian vs. liberal interpretations of Rousseau)

Hegel [1807] The Phenomenology of Spirit, section on 'absolute freedom and terrror'

Talmon, J.L. (1952) The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy, ch. 3

Berlin, I. [1958] 'Two concepts of liberty', secs. 2-5, in his Four Essays on Liberty 1969, also in A. Quinton (ed.) Political Philosophy 1967

Plamenatz, J. [1965] 'Ce qui ne signifie autre chose, sinon qu'on le forcera d'黎re libre', in Cranston and Peters (eds) Hobbes and Rousseau

Chapman, J.W. (1968) Rousseau: Totalitarian or Liberal?

Dodge, G.H. (ed.) (1971) Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Authoritarian Libertarian?

Wokler, R. (1979) 'Rousseau's perfectibilian libertarianism' in Alan Ryan (ed.) The Idea of Freedom: Essays in Honour of Isaiah Berlin

Sorenson, L.R. (1982) Rousseau and the End of Political Philosophy

Wokler, R. (1987) 'Rousseau's two concepts of liberty' in G. Feaver and F. Rosen (eds) Lives, Liberties and the Public Good

Jones, W.T. (1987) 'Rousseau's general will and the problem of consent', Journal of the History of Philosophy 25

Hiley, D. (1990) 'The individual and the general will', History of Philosophy Quarterly 7(2)

Riley, P. (1991) 'Rousseau's general will: freedom of a particular kind', Political Studies 39

Neuhouser, F. (1993) 'Freedom, dependence and the general will', Philosophical Review 102(3), revised as ch. 2 of his Foundations of Hegel's Social Theory 2000

Cullen, D. (1993) Freedom in Rousseau's Political Philosophy

Wokler, R. (ed.) (1995) Rousseau and Liberty

Masters, R. (1995) 'Forced to be free' in R. Wokler (ed.) Rousseau and Liberty

Evans, M. (1995) 'Freedom in modern society: Rousseau's challenge', Inquiry 38(3)

Affeldt, S.G. (1999) 'The force of freedom: Rousseau on forcing to be free', Political Theory 27

Miller, J. (2006) '"The abyss of philosophy": Rousseau's concept of freedom', Modern Intellectual History 3(1)

Simpson, M. (2006) Rousseau's Theory of Freedom

Neuhouser, Frederick (2011) 'Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the origins of autonomy', Inquiry 54(5)

 

@ Rousseau on political legitimacy

Rousseau, Social Contract esp. bks. 1-2

Cassirer, E. [1932] The Philosophy of the Enlightenment, ch. 6 sec. 2 'The contract and the method of the social sciences'

Althusser, L. (1973) 'Rousseau: the social contract', in his Politics and History

* Noone, J.B. (1981) Rousseau's 'Social Contract': A Conceptual Analysis, chs. 1-4

Riley, P. (1982) Will and Political Legitimacy, chs. 1,2,4

Barnard, F.M. (1984) 'Will and political rationality in Rousseau', Political Studies 32, reprinted in J. Lively and A. Reeve (eds) Modern Political Theory from Hobbes to Marx 1989

Jones, W.T. (1987) 'Rousseau's general will and the problem of consent', Journal of the History of Philosophy 25

Barnard, F. (1988) Self-direction and Political Legitimacy: Rousseau and Herder

 

@ Rousseau on political obligation

Cranston, M. and Peters, R.S. (eds) (1972) Hobbes and Rousseau, relevant articles

Steinberg, J. (1978) Locke, Rousseau and the Idea of Consent

Macadam, J. (1980) 'Rousseau and Hobbes' in R. Fitgerald (ed.) Comparing Political Thinkers

 

@ Rousseau and natural law

Vaughan, C.E. (1915) 'Introduction' to The Political Writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Cassirer, E. [1932] The Philosophy of the Enlightenment, ch. 6 sec. 2 'The contract and the method of the social sciences'

Derath, R. (1950) Jean-Jacques Rousseau et la Science Politique de son Temps

Strauss, L. (1953) Natural Right and History, ch. 6A

Cobban, A. (1951) 'New light on the political thought of Rousseau', Political Science Quarterly 66(2)

Steinberg, J. (1978) Locke, Rousseau and the Idea of Consent

Wokler, R. (1994) 'Rousseau's Pufendorf: natural law and the foundations of commercial society', History of Political Thought 15(3)

 

@ Rousseau and republicanism

Viroli, M. (1987) 'The concept of "ordre" and the language of classical republicanism in J.-J. Rousseau', in A. Pagden, ed., The Languages of Political Theory in Early Modern Europe

Canovan, M. (1987) 'Rousseau's two concepts of citizenship', in E. Kennedy and S. Mendus (eds) Women in Western Political Philosophy: Kant to Nietszche

Viroli, M. (1988) Jean-Jacques Rousseau and The Well Ordered Society

Mason, J.H. (1989) 'Individuals in society: Rousseau's republican vision', History of Political Thought 10

Bloom, A. (1997) 'Rousseau's critique of liberal constitutionalism', in C. Orwin and N. Tarcov (eds) The Legacy of Rousseau

 

@ Civic virtue, the 'remarkable change in man' and the legislator

Charvet, J. (1974) The Social Problem in the Philosophy of Rousseau

Shklar, J.N. (1979) Men and Citizens: A Study of Rousseau's Social Theory

Gauthier, D. (1990) 'The politics of redemption', in Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason

Trachtenberg, Z. (1993) Making Citizens: Rousseau's Political Theory of Culture

Hollis, M. (1997) 'A remarkable change in man', in T. O'Hagan (ed.) Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Sources of the Self

Trachtenberg, Z. (1997) 'Subject and citizen: Hobbes and Rousseau on sovereignty and the self', in T. O'Hagan (ed.) Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Sources of the Self

 

@ Rousseau and Hobbes

Cranston, M. and Peters, R. (eds) (1972) Hobbes and Rousseau:A Collection of Critical Essays

Trachtenberg, Z. (1997) 'Subject and citizen: Hobbes and Rousseau on sovereignty and the self', in T. O'Hagan (ed.) Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Sources of the Self

Steinberger, P.J. (2008) 'Hobbes, Rousseau and the modern conception of the state', Journal of Politics 70

 

@ Rousseau on educational theory (Emile)

Boyde, W. (1911) The Educational Theory of Jean Jacques Rousseau

Jimack, P.D. (1974) 'Introduction' to J.‑J. Rousseau, Emile, Everyman's Library, Dent

Sahakian, M.L and Sahakian,W.S (1974) Rousseau as Educator

Jimack, P.D. (1983) Rousseau: Emile, Critical guides to French texts

Emberley, P. (1985) 'Rousseau and the management of the passions', Interpretation 13(2)

 

@ Rousseau's political thought: other topics

Tuttle, A.W. (1972) The Concept of Equality in the Writings of Rousseau, Bentham and Kant

Ryan, A. (1984) Property and Political Theory, Oxford, pp. 49-72

Kelly, C. (1987) Rousseau's Exemplary Life: The 'Confessions' as Political Philosophy

Rapaczynski, A. (1989) Nature and Politics

Still, J. (1993) Justice and Difference in the Works of Rousseau

 

@ Rousseau and religion

Emile, 'Profession of faith of a Savoard vicar'

Social Contract, book 4 last ch

Letter to Christophe de Beaumont [1763]

Wolin, S. (1961) Politics and Vision

Grimsley, R. (1968) Rousseau and the Religious Quest

Riley, P. (19?) The General Will Before Rousseau

Brooke, C. (2001) 'Rousseau's political thought: Stoic and Augustinian origins', in P. Riley (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Rousseau

 

@ Rousseau and women

Lange, R. (1979) 'Women and the general will', in L.M.G. Clark and Lynda Lange (eds) The Sexism of Social and Political Theory: Women and Reproduction from Plato to Nietzsche

Lloyd, G. (1983) 'Rousseau on reason, nature and women', Metaphilosophy 14(3-4)

Bloch, M. and Bloch, J.H. (1980) 'Women and the dialectics of nature in eighteenth-century French thought', in C.P. MacCormack and M. Strathern (eds) (1980) Nature, Culture and Gender

 

@ SMITH, ADAM

 

@ Smith: introductory

Campbell, T. (1981) Seven Theories of Human Society, ch. 5

Redhead, B. (ed.) (1984) Plato to Nato: Studies in Political Thought (subsequently republished as Political Thought from Plato to Nato), ch. 10

Raphael, D.D. (1985) Adam Smith, Pastmasters, chs. 3-4 (this book is also included in Three Great Economists)

Skinner, A.S. (1987) 'Adam Smith' in The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, vol. 4

Cropsey, A. 'Smith', in Strauss and Cropsey eds. History of Political Philosophy

Gordon, A History and Philosophy of Social Science, ch. 7C

 

@ Smith: more advanced

Reisman, D.A. (1976) Adam Smith's Sociological Economics, ch. 4 'Consumer behaviour'

Campbell, R.H. and Skinner, A.S. (1982) Adam Smith ch. 14

Blaug, M. (1962) Economic Theory in Retrospect, 5th ed. 1996, ch. 2

West, E.G. (1969) Adam Smith

Skinner, A.S. (1979) Adam Smith: A System of Social Science, chs. 4 and 9

Campbell, T. (1971) Adam Smith's Science of Morals

 

Smith on sympathy vs. self-interest (the 'Adam Smith problem')

Choi, Y.B. (1990) 'Smith's View on human nature: a problem in the interpretation of "The Wealth of Nations" and "The Theory of Moral Sentiments"', Review of Social Economy 48(3)

Smith, V.L. (1998) 'The two faces of Adam Smith', Southern Economic Journal 65(1)

Otteson, J.R. (2000) 'The recurring "Adam Smith Problem"', History of Philosophy Quarterly 17(1)

 

@ Smith's conception of the good society

Coker, E.W. (1990) 'Adam Smith's concept of the social system', Journal of Business Ethics 9(2)

Waterman, A.M.C. (2002) 'Economics as theology: Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations', Southern Economic Journal 68(4)

 

@ Smith, the invisible hand and the state

Kennedy, G. (2000) 'Adam Smith and the Invisible Hand: from metaphor to myth', Econ Journal Watch 6(2)

Samuels, W.J. and Medema, S.G. (2005) 'Freeing Smith from the "free market": on the misperception of Adam Smith on the economic role of government', History of Political Economy 37(2)

Wight, J.B. (2007) ' The treatment of Smith's Invisible Hand', Journal of Economic Education 38(3)

Harrison, P. (2011) 'Adam Smith and the history of the Invisible Hand', Journal of the History of Ideas 72(1)

 

@ Smith and women

Rendall, J. (1987) 'Virtue and commerce: women in the making of Adam Smith's political economy', in Kennedy and Mendus eds. Women in Western Political Philosophy

Nerozzi, S and Nuti, P. (2011) 'Adam Smith and the family', History of Economic Ideas 19(2)

 

@ Smith's evolutionism

Schliesser, E. (2011) 'Reading Adam Smith after Darwin: on the evolution of propensities, institutions, and sentiments', Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 77(1)

 

@ HUME

 

@ Hume's political and legal philosophy: texts

Hume, D. Essays Moral Political and Literary, part 2

Hume, D. A Treatise of Human Nature, part 3

Hume, D. Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals

Hume, D. David Hume's Political Essays, (ed.) K. Haakonssen 1994

 

@ Hume's political and legal philosophy: commentaries

Forbes, D. (1975) Hume's Philosophical Politics

Miller, D. (1981) Philosophy and Ideology in Hume's Political Thought

Haakonssen, K. (1981) The Science of a Legislator: The Natural Jurisprudence of David Hume and Adam Smith

Lieberman, D. (1989) The Province of Jurisprudence Determined: Legal Theory in Eighteenth-Century Britain

+ Haakonssen, K. (1994) 'Introduction' to Haakonssen (ed.) David Hume's Political Essays

 

@ Hume on justice and artificial virtues and convention

Hobbes Leviathan, chs. 13-17, 26

Kemp Ethical Naturalism

Hume Treatise, 3.2 (esp. 3.2.1, 3.2.2)

Hume Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, appendix 3 'Some further considerations with regard to justice'

Hume, letters to Hutcheson, in D.D. Raphael (ed.) British Moralists 1650-1800 vol. 2

Dunn, J. (19?) Rethinking Modern Political Theory, ch. 3

Moore, J. (1976) 'Hume's theory of justice and property', Political Studies 24(2)

Stroud, B. (1977) Hume, ch. 9

Cottle, C.E. (1979) 'Justice as an artificial virtue in Hume's Treatise', Journal of the History of Ideas 40(3)

Mackie, J.L. (1980) Hume's Moral Theory, ch. 6, esp. sec. 1

Miller, D. (1981) Philosophy and Ideology in Hume's Political Thought, chs. 3-4

Haakonssen, K. (1981) The Science of a Legislator, ch. 2 'Hume's theory of justice', esp. secs. 3-5

Harrison, J. (1981) Hume's Theory of Justice, esp. secs. 1-2

Blackburn, S. (1998) Ruling Passions, ch. 6

Vanderschraaf, P. (1998) 'The informal game theory in Hume's account of convention', Economics and Philosophy 14(2)

Baldwin, J. (2004) 'Hume's knave and the interests of justice', Journal of the History of Philosophy 42(3)

Krause, S.R. (2004) 'Hume and the (false) luster of justice', Political Theory 32(5)

Hardin, R. (2007) David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist, ch. 3 'Strategic analysis', ch. 4 'Convention', ch. 6 'Justice'

 

@ Hume on social contract

Brownsey, P.F. (1978) 'Hume and the social contract', The Philosophical Quarterly 128(111)

Gauthier, D. (1979) 'David Hume, contractarian', Philosophical Review 88

 

@ Hume on government and allegiance

Taylor, M. (1987) The Possibility of Cooperation, pp. 150-163

Cohon, R. (2001) 'The shackles of virtue: Hume on allegiance to government', History of Philosophy Quarterly 18(4)

Yellin, M.E. (2000) 'Indirect utility, justice, and equality in the political thought of David Hume', Critical Review 14(4)

Hardin, R. (2007) David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist, ch. 5 'Politics'

Church, J. (2007) 'Selfish and moral politics: David Hume on stability and cohesion in the modern state', Journal of Politics 69(1)

 

@ Hume on history

Forbes, D. (1963) 'Politics and history in David Hume'

Wertz, S.K. (1975) 'Hume, history and human nature', Journal of the History of Ideas 45(2)

Livingstone, D.W. (1984) Hume's Philosophy of Common Life, ch. 8

 

@ KANT'S POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

 

@ Kant: collections of texts (on right)

Reiss, H. (ed.) (1970) Kant: Political Writings, tr. H.B. Nisbet, enlarged (ed.) 1990

Humphrey, T. (ed.) (1983) Perpetual Peace and Other Essays

 

@ Kant: main texts (on right)

Kant [1784] 'An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment?'

Kant [1793] 'Theory and practice' (Full title: 'On the proverb: that may be true in theory but it is of no practical use')

Kant [1795] 'Perpetual peace: a philosophical sketch'

(The above are all in both Reiss (ed.) and Humphrey ed.)

Kant [1797] The Metaphysics of Morals, tr. M. Gregor, 1991 (recommended translation), Intro. and 'Doctrine of Right' (esp. Intro. to DR and ァァ1-9, 36, 41-49, remark A, 52, 62, Conclusion, Appendix part 8 (conclusion)) (These parts of M.M., except for DR ァ2-9, are also translated as The Metaphysical Elements of Justice, tr. J. Ladd, 1965. They are also partly included in Reiss ed.)

 

@ Kant: texts on history

Kant [1784] 'Idea for a universal history with cosmopolitan purpose', in Reiss (ed.) and Humphrey ed

Kant [1786] 'Speculative beginnings of human history', in Humphrey ed

Kant, 'The end of all things', in Humphrey ed

Kant [1798] 'An old question raised again: is the human race constantly progressing?' published as 'The Conflict of the Philosophy Faculty with the Faculty of Law' the Second Part of The Conflict of the Faculties, trans. M. J. Gregor

 

@ Kant: other texts

Kant [1793] Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone, tr. T. Greene and H. Hudson, Harper, 1960, 85-93

 

@ Introductions to Kant's moral philosophy

Scruton, R. (1982) Kant, Pastmasters, ch. 5

Acton, H.B. (1970) Kant's Moral Philosophy

 

@ Kant's political philosophy: introductions

Kretschmann, P.M. (1939) 'An exposition of Kant's philosophy of law', in Whitney, G.T. and Bowers, D.F. (eds) The Heritage of Kant

Murphy, J.G. (1970) Kant: The Philosophy of Right, ch. 4 [2, o(Jan 97)]

Reiss, H. (1970) 'Introduction' to Reiss (ed.) Kant's Political Writings, secs. 4-6

Kemp, J. (1970) The Philosophy of Kant, ch. 4 [2]

Hassner, P. (1973) 'Immanuel Kant', in Strauss and Cropsey (eds) The History of Political Philosophy

Riley, P. (1986) 'The "elements" of Kant's political philosophy', Political Theory 14(4)

* Sullivan, R.J. (1989) Immanuel Kant's Moral Theory, chs. 16-17

Kersting, W. (1992) 'Politics, freedom and order: Kant's political philosophy' in P. Guyer (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Kant

 

@ Kant's political philosophy: more advanced studies

Gregor, M. (1963) Laws of Freedom: A Study of Kant's Method of Applying the Categorical Imperative in the Metaphysik der Sitten, chs. 3-4

Saner, H. (1973) Kant's Political Theory: Its Origins and Development

Ferry, L. [1984] Political Philosophy, vol. 2: The System of Philosophies of History, tr. F. Philip1992

Shell, S.M. (1980) The Rights of Reason: A Study of Kant's Philosophy and Politics

Arendt, H. (1982) Lectures on Kant's Political Philosophy

Williams, H.L. (1983) Kant's Political Philosophy

Riley, P. (1983) Kant's Political Philosophy

Mulholland, L.A. (1989) Kant's System of Rights

Rosen, A.D. (1996) Kant's Theory of Justice

Flikschuh, K. (2000) Kant and Modern Political Philosophy

Beck, G. (2008) Fichte and Kant on Freedom, Rights, and Law

 

@ Kant's political philosophy: collections

Williams, H. (ed.) (1992) Essays on Kant's Political Philosophy

Beiner, B. and Booth, W. (eds) (1993) Kant and Political Philosophy: The Contemporary Legacy

Timmons, M. (ed.) (2002) Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays

 

@ Kant's social contract

(See also 'Kant as a constructivist in political philosophy')

Kant [1793] 'Theory and practice'

Riley, P. (1973) 'On Kant as the most adequate of the social contract theorists', Political Theory 1(4)

Rawls, John (1975) 'A Kantian conception of equality', Cambridge Review 96, reprinted as 'A well-ordered society', in P. Laslett and J. Fishkin (eds) Philosophy, Politics and Society, 5th series, 1979

Mulholland, L.A. (1990) Kant's System of Rights

Kersting, W. (1992) 'Kant's concept of the state', in H. Williams (ed.) Essays on Kant's Political Philosophy

Dodson, K.E. (1997) 'Autonomy and authority in Kant's "Rechtslehre"', Political Theory 25(1), pp. 93-111

O'Neill, Onora (2000) 'Kant and the social contract tradition' in F. Duchesneau et al (eds) Kant Actuel: Hommage a Pierre Laberge

 

@ Constructivism in Kant's ethics

(This is on the characteristically Kantian metaethical stance: a cognitivism in which morality is objective without being a 'real' part of the fabric of the universe, in that it is intrinsic to freedom or rationality)

(See also 'Constructivism in Kant's political philosophy')

(For constructivism in general see 'Constructivism')

(For all O'Neill's work on this, see 'O'Neill's constructivism')

Rawls, John (1980) 'Kantian constructivism in moral theory (The Dewey Lectures)', Journal of Philosophy 77, see pp. 554-560 on 'construction and objectivity'

Williams, B. (1985) 'Ethics and the fabric of the world', in T. Honderich (ed.) Morality and Objectivity

Hill, T.E. (1989) 'Kantian constructivism in ethics', Ethics 99, 752-70; reprinted in his Dignity and Practical Reason 1992

Rawls, John (1989) 'Themes in Kant's moral philosophy', in E. Frster (ed.) Kant's Transcendental Deductions

Rawls, John (2000) Lectures in the History of Ethics

Hill, T.E. (2001) 'Hypothetical consent in Kantian constructivism', Social Philosophy and Policy 18(2), 300-329

 

@ Constructivism in Kant's political philosophy, freedom as the ground of Kant's political philosophy

(The relation between freedom and the principle of right)

(See also 'Kant's social contract)

Beck, L.W. [1962] 'Kant's two conceptions of will in their political context' in Studies in the Philosophy of Kant, 1965

Goedecke, R. (1973) Kant and the radical regrounding of the norms of politics, Journal of Value Inquiry 7

Taylor, C. (1984) 'Kant's theory of freedom' in Z.A. Pelczynski and J. Gray (eds) Conceptions of Liberty in Political Philosophy, reprinted in Taylor's Philosophy and the Human Sciences: Philosophical Papers 2, 1985

Hochberg, G. (1982) Kant: Moral Legislation and the Two Senses of 'Will'

Mulholland, L.A. (1989) Kant's System of Rights

 

@ Kant on right and morality

(The relation between the categorical imperative and the principle of right)

Kant [1793] Lectures on Ethics, tr. P. Heath, CUP (see Vigilantius transcription)

Riley, P. (1983) Kant's Political Philosophy

Taylor, C. (1984) 'Kant's theory of freedom' in Z.A. Pelczynski and J. Gray (eds) Conceptions of Liberty in Political Philosophy, reprinted in Taylor's Philosophy and the Human Sciences: Philosophical Papers Volume 2, 1985

Pippin, R.B. (1985) 'On the moral foundations of Kant's Rechtslehre' in R. Kennington (ed.) The Philosophy of Immanuel Kant, reprinted in Pippin's Idealism as Modernism 1997

O'Neill, Onora (1986) 'The public use of reason', Political Theory 14

Mulholland, L.A. (1989) Kant's System of Rights

Beck, G. (1999) 'Autonomy, history and political freedom in Kant's political philosophy', History of European Ideas 25

De Bolt, Darian (1997) 'Kant and Clint: Dirty Harry meets the categorical imperative', Southwest Philosophy Review 13

Heller, A. (1990) 'Freedom and happiness in Kant's political philosophy", Graduate Faculty Philosophical Journal 13

Wood, A. (1997) 'The final form of Kant's practical philosophy', Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 Supplement, reprinted in M. Timmons (ed.) Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays

Guyer, P. (1997) 'Comments: justice and morality', Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 Supplement

Ludwig, B. (1997) 'Comments: what's great about "Recht"?' Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 Supplement

Guyer, P. (2002) 'Kant's deductions of the principle of right', in M. Timmons (ed.) Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays

 

@ Kant on possession and property

(See also 'Rousseau on possession and property')

Grotius [1642] De jure belli ac pacis, book 3 chapter 20 ァ 48

Pufendorf [1672] De jure naturae et gentium, book 4 chapter 9, ァァ 5ff

Kant, Metaphysics of Morals, Doctrine of Right ァ5

Williams, H. (1977) 'Kant's theory of property', Philosophical Quarterly 27, pp. 32-40

Schmidlin, B. (1982) 'La propriete et ses limites', Studia Philosophica 41, pp. 63-76

Schmidlin, B. (1982) 'Eigentum und Teilungsvertrag: zu Kants Begrundung des Eigentumsrechts', Studia Philosophica, supp. 12, pp. 47-68

Struck, P. (1987) 'Ist Kants Rechtpostulat der praktischen Vernunft aporetisch: ein Beitrag zur neuerlich ausgebrochenon Kontroverse um Kants Rechtsphilosophie', Kant Studien 78, pp. 471-476

Buck, W.F. (1987) 'Kant's justification of private property', in B. den Ouden (ed.) New Essays on Kant

Gregor, M. (1988) 'Kant's theory of property', Review of Metaphysics 41(4)

Baynes, K. (1989) 'Kant on property rights and the social contract', Monist 72

Baumann, P. (1994) 'Zwei Seiten der Kantschen Begrundung von Eigentum und Staat', Kant Studien 85(2), pp. 147-159

Westpahl, K. (1997) 'Do Kant's principles justify property or usufruct?', Jahrbuch fr Recht und Ethik 5, pp. 141-194

Brandt, R. (1999) 'Person und Sache: Hobbes' "jus omnium in omnia et omnes" und Kants Theorie des Besitzes der Willkur einer anderen Person im Vertrag', Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Philosophie 47(6), pp. 887-910

Westphal, K.R. (2002) 'A Kantian justification of possession', in M. Timmons (ed.) Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays

Tierney, B. (2001) 'Kant on property: the problem of permissive law', Journal of the History of Ideas 62(2)

Tierney, B. (2001) 'Permissive natural law and property: Gratian to Kant', Journal of the History of Ideas 62(3)

Verhaegh , M. (2006) 'Property by agreement: Interpreting Kant's account of right', British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14(4)

 

@ Political content of the critiques

Saner, H. (1973) Kant's Political Theory: Its Origins and Development

Shell, S.M. (1980) The Rights of Reason: A Study of Kant's Philosophy and Politics

O'Neill, Onora (1989) Constructions of Reason

Caygill, H. (1989) Art of Judgement

Velkley, R.L. (1989) Freedom and the End of Reason: On the Moral Foundations of Kant's Critical Philosophy

Knippenberg, J.M. (1993) 'The politicsof Kant's philosophy', in B. Beiner and W. Booth (eds) (1993) Kant and Political Philosophy: The Contemporary Legacy

 

@ Kant's theory of the self

Schopenhauer, A. [1841] On the Basis of Morality, ch. 2

Berlin, I. (1958) Two Concepts of Liberty (pamphlet), reprinted in Four Essays on Liberty 1969

Wolff, R.P. (1973) The Autonomy of Reason: A Commentary on Kant's Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals

Priest, S. (1981) 'Descartes, Kant, and self-consciousness', Philosophical Quarterly 31

 

@ Kant's philosophical anthropology

Wood, A. (2003) 'Kant and the problem of human nature' in P. Kain (ed.) Essays on Kant's Anthropology

Wood, A. (1999) Kant's Ethical Thought, ch. 6

 

@ Kant's philosophy of history

Fackenheim, E. (1957) 'Kant's concept of history', Kant-Studien 48

Wilkins, B.T. (1966) 'Teleology in Kant's philosophy of history', History and Theory 5

Kelly, G.A. (1968) 'Rousseau, Kant, and history, Journal of the History of Ideas 29

Kelly, G.A. (1969) Idealism, Politics and History, CUP (pp.149ff, 170ff)

Despland, M. (1973) Kant on History and Religion

Galston, W.A. (1975) Kant and the Problem of History

Shell, S.M. (1980) The Rights of Reason, Toronto (pp. 59-71)

* Yovel, Y. (1980) Kant and the Philosophy of History

Booth, W.J. (1983) 'Reason and history: Kant's other Copernican revolution', Kant-Studien 74

Booth, W.J. (1986) Interpreting the World: Kant's Philosophy of History and Politics

Krasnoff, R. (1994) 'The fact of politics: history and teleology in Kant', European Journal of Philosophy 2

Dupre, L. (1998) 'Kant's theory of history and progress' Review of Metaphysics 51(4)

Kleingeld, P. (1999) 'Kant, history, and the ideas of moral development', History of Philosophy Quarterly 16(1)

Wood, A. (1999) Kant's Ethical Thought, ch. 7

Anderson-Gold, S. (2001) Unnecessary Evil: History and Moral Progress in the Philosophy of Immanuel Kant

 

@ Kant on revolution

Pike, K.R. (2004) 'Reason to revolt: on Kantian ethics and revolution', Aporia 14(1), also available online

 

@ Kantian socialism

Vorl舅der, K. (1900) Kant und der Sozialismus

Cohen, Hermann (1904) Ethik des reinen Willens

Schwarzschild, Steven (1956) 'The democratic socialism of Hermann Cohen', Hebrew Union College Annual 27

Exdell, J. (1977) 'Distributive justice: Nozick on property rights', Ethics 87, 142-149

Van der Linden, H. (1988) Kantian Ethics and Socialism

Van-der-Linden, H. (1998) 'A Kantian defense of enterprise democracy', in J. Kneller and S. Axinn (eds) Autonomy and Community: Readings in Contemporary Kantian Social Philosophy, 213-237

Geiman, K.P. (1990) 'Lyotard's "Kantian Socialism"', Philosophy and Social Criticism, pp. 23-37

Dodson, K.E. (2003) 'Kant's socialism: a philosophical reconstruction', Social Theory and Practice 29(4), 525-538

 

@ Kant and feminism

(see separate bibliography)

 

@ BENTHAM

 

@ Bentham: short introductions

Plamenatz, J. (1958) The English Utilitarians

Letwin, S. (1965) The Pursuit of Certainty, ch. on Bentham [2]

Hart, H.L.A. (1983) 'Introduction' to Bentham, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, (eds) J.H. Burns and H.L.A. Hart

Hampsher-Monk, I. (1992) A History of Modern Political Thought, ch. on Bentham

 

@ Bentham: longer introductions

Harrison, R. (1970) Bentham

Steintrager, J. (1977) Bentham

Dinwiddy, J. (1989) Bentham, Pastmasters [1, o(Jan 97)]

 

@ Bentham on Common Law

Bentham A Fragment on Government

Tarleton, C. (1972) 'The overlooked strategy of Bentham's Fragment on Government', Political Studies 20

Postema, G.J. (1986) Bentham and the Common Law Tradition

 

@ Bentham on natural rights

Bentham 'Anarchical fallacies: being an examination of the Declaration of Rights issued during the French Revolution', 46-69 of J. Waldron (ed.) Nonsense Upon Stilts: Bentham, Burke and Marx on the Rights of Man; also in J. Bowring (ed.) The Complete Works of Jeremy Bentham, vol II; also in part in B. Parekh (ed.) Bentham's Political Thought; also in part in Melden (ed.) Human Rights

Long, D.G. (1977) Bentham on Liberty: Jermemy Bentham's Idea of Liberty in Relation to his Utilitarianism

 

@ Bentham on utilitarianism

Bentham, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, chs. 1-3,7,14

Lyons, D. (1973) In the Interests of the Governed: A Study of Bentham's Philosophy of Utility and Law

 

@ Bentham on democracy and his 'political radicalism'

James Mill An Essay on Government

Bentham 'Manuscript comments on Mill's Essay on Government', as B. Parekh (ed.) Bentham's Political Thought, appendix B

Ryan, A. (1972) 'Two concepts of politics and democracy: James and John Stuart Mill', in M. Fleischer (ed.) Machiavelli and the Nature of Political Thought

James, M.H. (1981) 'Public interest and majority rule in Bentham's democratic theory' Political Theory 9

Rosen, F. (1983) Jeremy Bentham and Representative Democracy

 

@ Bentham and the Panopticon

Bentham, The Panopticon and Other Prison Writings, (ed.) M. Bozovic [2o(Jan 97)]

Himmelfarb, G. (1968) 'The haunted house of Jeremy Bentham', in her Victorian Minds

Hume, L.J. (1981) Bentham and Bureaucracy

Lyon, D. (1991) 'Bentham's Panopticon: from moral architecture to electronic surveillance', Queens Quarterly 98(3), 596-617

Semple, J. (1993) Bentham's Prison: A Study of the Panopticon Penitentiary

Gaonkar, D.P. and McCarthy, R.J. (1994) 'Panopticism and publicity: Bentham's quest for transparency', Public Culture 6(3), 547-575

 

@ HEGEL

(see A Hegel bibliography)

 

@ MARX

(see A Marx bibliography. But 'Exploitation', 'Market exploitation', 'Market unfreedom and coercion' are all in this bibliography)

 

@ MILL

 

@ Mill on liberty: texts

J.S. Mill [18?] Utilitarianism

J.S. Mill [1859] On Liberty

 

@ Mill: short introductions

+ Letwin, S. (1965) The Pursuit of Certainty, ch. on J.S. Mill [2]

+ Mendus, S. (1989) Toleration and the Limits of Liberalism, ch. 3

+ Hampsher-Monk, I. (1992) A History of Modern Political Thought, ch. on Mill

 

@ Mill: longer introductions

Skorupski, J. (1989) John Stuart Mill [2]

Thomas, W. (1985) Mill, Past Masters [2, o(Jan 97)]

Ryan, A. (1974) J.S. Mill

 

@ Mill's political theory as a whole

J.S. Mill [18?] Considerations on Representative Government

Ryan, A. (1972) 'Two concepts of politics and democracy: James and John Stuart Mill', in M. Fleischer (ed.) Machiavelli and the Nature of Political Thought

 

@ Mill and feminism

(see separate bibliography)

 

@ Mill on liberty: introductions

Cowling, M. (1963) 'Mill and liberalism', in Schneewind (ed.) Mill: A Collection of Critical Essays

McCloskey, H.J. (1971) John Stuart Mill: A Critical Study, ch. on liberty

Ryan, A. (1974) J.S. Mill, ch. 5

Spitz, D. (1975) 'Freedom and individuality: Mill's liberty in retrospect', in Spitz (ed.) Mill: On Liberty

Norman, R. (1987) Free and Equal, ch. 1

Thomas, W. (1985) Mill, ch. 5

Skorupski, J. (1989) John Stuart Mill, ch. 10

 

@ Mill on liberty: collections

Schneewind, J.B. (ed.) (1968) Mill: A Collection of Critical Essays

Radcliff, P. (ed.) (1966) Limits of Liberty: Studies of Mill's 'On Liberty'

Gray, J. and Smith, G.R.S. (eds) (1990) J.S. Mill's 'On Liberty' in Focus

 

@ Mill on liberty: commentaries

* Stephen, J.W. [1873] Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, chs. 1,4

* Ten, C.L. (1980) Mill on Liberty, chs. 2-4

Gray, J. (1983) Mill on Liberty: A Defence, esp. chs. 1,3

Rees, J.C. (1985) John Stuart Mill's 'On Liberty'

Lindley, R. (1986) Autonomy, ch. on Mill

Lloyd Thomas, D.A. (1988) In Defence of Liberalism, ch. 2

Gray, T. (1991) Freedom, ch. 3

Ryan, A.P. (19?) 'Mill's essay on liberty', in G. Vesey (ed.) Philosophers Ancient and Modern

 

@ Mill's justification for the principle of liberty

Mendus, S. (1989) Toleration and the Limits of Liberalism, ch. 3

 

@ Mill and the self-regarding/other-regarding distinction

(Affecting others vs. affecting others interests, acts vs. omissions, acts that cause harm vs. acts that to prevent which would prevent harm)

* Rees, J.C. (1960) 'A rereading of Mill on liberty', Political Studies 8, reprinted in Radcliff (ed.) and in Smith and Gray (eds)

Stephen, J.W. [1873] Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, preface to 2nd ed

Gray, J. (1983) Mill on Liberty: A Defence, 52-58

 

@ Paternalism and self-harm

(In contemporary political philosophy)

Feinberg, J. (1986) The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, Vol 2: Harm to Self

 

@ Toleration and legal moralism

(Legal moralism: using law to enforce social morality. Toleration: refusal to use stae power to impose one's cultural or religious views on others)

Locke, J. [1685] A Letter Concerning Toleration

Devlin, P. (1959) The Enforcement of Morals

Hart, H.L.A. [1959] 'Immorality and treason', in R. Dworkin (ed.) The Philosophy of Law 1977

* Hart, H.L.A. (1963) Law, Liberty and Morality

Devlin, P. [1965] 'Morals and the criminal law', in R. Dworkin (ed.) The Philosophy of Law 1977

Dworkin, R. [1966] 'Liberty and moralism', ch. 10 of Taking Rights Seriously

Hart, H.L.A. [1967] 'Social solidarity and the enforcement of morality', in Beauchamp and Pinkard (eds) Ethics and Public Policy

Abrahams, G. (1971) Morality and the Law

Rawls, John (1971) A Theory of Justice, secs. 33-35

Leisser, B.M. (1973) Liberty, Justice and Morals

* Harris, J.W. (1980) Legal Philosophies, ch. 10

Ten, C.L. (1980) Mill on Liberty, ch. 6

Feinberg, J. (198?) The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, Vol 3: Offense to Others

+ Mendus, S. (1988) 'Introduction' to S. Mendus and J. Horton (eds) Justifying Toleration

Mendus, S. and Horton, John (eds) (1988) Justifying Toleration

Raphael, D.D. (1988) 'The intolerable' in S. Mendus and J. Horton (eds) Justifying Toleration

Mendus, S. (1989) Toleration and the Limits of Liberalism, esp. chs. 1,4

Heyd, D. (ed.) (1996) Toleration: An Elusive Virtue

Walzer, M. (1997) On Toleration

 

@ Mill's socialism

Mill, J.S. [1879] Socialism 1891, reprinted as 'Chapters on socialism' in various collections of his works, also available online

Miller, D.E. (2003) 'Mill's 'socialism'', Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (2)

 

@ ARENDT

 

@ Arendt: main works

Arendt, H. (1951) The Origins of Totalitarianism

Arendt. H. (1958) The Human Condition

Arendt, H. (1961) Between Past and Future

Arendt, H. (1963) Eichmann in Jerusalem

Arendt, H. (1963) On Revolution

Arendt, H. (1969) Crisis of the Republic

Arendt, H. (1994) Essays in Understanding, 1930-1957

 

@ Arendt: commentaries

Hillel, H.A. (ed.) (1979) Hannah Arendt: The Recovery of the Public World

Parekh, B. (1981) Hannah Arendt and the Search for a New Political Philosophy

Young-Bruehl, E. (1982) Hannah Arendt: For Love of the World

Kateb, G. (1983) Hannah Arendt: Politics, Conscience, Evil

Hansen, P. (1988) Hannah Arendt: Politics, History and Citizenship

Kaplan, G.T. and Kessler, C.S. (eds) (1989) Hannah Arendt: Thinking, Judging, Freedom

Springborg. P. (1989) 'Arendt, republicanism and patriarchalism', History of Political Thought 10(3)

Canovan, M. (1992) Hannah Arendt: A Reinterpretation of her Political Thought

D'Entreves, M.P. (1994) The Political Philosophy of Hannah Arendt

Gottsegen, M.G. (1994) The Political Thought of Hannah Arendt

Benhabib, S. (1996) The Reluctant Modernism of Hannah Arendt

Villa, D.R. (1996) Arendt and Heidegger: The Fate of the Political

Pitkin, H.F. (1998) The Attack of the Blob: Hannah Arendt's Concept of the Social

Villa, D. es. (2000) The Cambridge Companion to Hannah Arendt

Hull, M.B. (2002) The Hidden Philosophy of Hannah Arendt

 

@ RAWLS

 

@ Rawls: main works

Rawls, John (1971) A Theory of Justice, 2nd ed. 1999

Rawls, John (1993) Political Liberalism

Rawls, John (1999) Collected Papers

Rawls, John (2000) Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy

Rawls, John (2001) Justice as Fairness: A Restatement

 

@ Rawls: short introductions

Daniels, N. (1975) 'Introduction' to his Reading Rawls

Buchanan, A.E. (1980) 'A critical introduction to Rawls's theory', in H. Blocker and E. Smith (eds) John Rawls' Theory of Justice: An Introduction

Buchanan, A.E. (1982) Marx and Justice, ch. 6 secs. 1-2

Campbell, T. (1988) Justice, ch. 3

Brown, A. (1986) Modern Political Philosophy, ch. 3

Kymlicka, W. (1990), ch. 3

+ Mullhall, S. and Swift, A. (1996) Liberals and Communitarians: An Introductionク 2nd ed. (1st (ed.) 1992), Introduction, ch. 5

Wolff, J. (1996) An Introduction to Political Philosophy, ch. 5 168-195

Pettit, P. (1998) 'The contribution of analytical philosophy', in R. Goodin and P. Pettit (eds) A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy

 

@ Rawls: book-length introductions

Wolff, R.P. (1977) Understanding Rawls

Blocker, H. and Smith, E. (eds) John Rawls' Theory of Justice: An Introduction

Kukathas, C. and Pettit, P. (1990) John Rawls: A Theory of Justice and its Critics, chs. 1-4

Freeman, S.F. (2007) Rawls

Graham, P. (2007) Rawls

Maffettone, S. (2011) Rawls: An Introduction

 

@ Rawls: more advanced commentaries

Pogge, T. (1989) Realizing Rawls

Barry, B. (1989) Theories of Justice, chs. 5-6

 

@ Rawls: collections

Daniels, N. (ed.) (1975) Reading Rawls (esp. Nagel, Dworkin, Dworkin, Fisk, Lyons)

+ Blocker, H. and Smith, E. (eds) (1980) John Rawls' Theory of Justice: An Introduction

Corlett, J.A. (ed.) (1991) Equality and Liberty: Analyzing Rawls and Nozick, part 1

Richardson, H. and Weithman, P. (eds) (1999) The Philosophy of Rawls: Reasonable Pluralism

Freeman, S.F. (2003) The Cambridge Companion to Rawls

 

@ Reflective equilibrium

(and the idea of justification from a people's existing sense of justice)

(See also 'Political liberalism, overlapping consensus, and reasonability')

A Theory of Justice secs. 4, 9

Rawls, John (1951) 'Outline of a decision procedure for ethics', Philosophical Review 60

Nagel, T. (1973) 'Rawls on justice', Philosophical Review 82(2), reprinted in Daniels ed. Reading Rawls, 1975

Rawls, John (1974) 'The independence of moral theory', Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 47

Daniels, N. (1980) 'On some methods of ethics and linguistics', Philosophical Studies 37(1)

Haslett, D.C (1987) 'What is wrong with reflective equilibrium?', Philosophical Quarterly 37

+ Buchanan, A.E. (1980) 'A critical introduction to Rawls's theory', in H. Blocker and E. Smith (eds) John Rawls' Theory of Justice: An Introduction

Raz, J. (1982) 'The claims of reflective equilibrium', Inquiry 25(3), reprinted in C. Kukathas (ed.) John Rawls: Critical Assessments of Leading Political Philosophers, Vol. 1: Foundations and Methods, 2003

Miller, D. (1995) 'Introduction' to Miller and Walzer (eds) Pluralism, Justice and Equality

Daniels, N. (1996) Justice and Justification: Reflective Equilibrium in Theory and Practice

+ Scanlon, T.M. (2003) 'Rawls on justification', in S. Freeman (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Rawls (see section 3)

 

@ Rawls' critique of utilitarianism

Mill, J.S. Utilitarianism, ch. 5

A Theory of Justice secs. 5,6,21,27,30

Lyons, D. (1972) 'Rawls versus utilitarianism' Journal of Philosophy 69

Hare, R.M. (1973) 'Rawls' theory of justice', Philosophical Quarterly 23 slightly revised version in Daniels ed

Feinberg, J. (1975) 'Rawls and intuitionism', in Daniels ed

Williams, B. (1975) 'Rawls and Pascal's wager', Cambridge Review, reprinted in Moral Luck, ch. 7

Miller, D. (1976) Social Justice ch. 1, secs. 3-4

 

@ Rawls on original position and the contract

(See also 'Rawls's constructivism')

Rawls, A Theory of Justice, secs. 3-4, 20-25

Rawls, John (1974) 'Reply to Alexander and Musgrave', Quarterly Journal of Economics 88 (4)

Kukathas, C. and Pettit, P. (1990) Rawls, ch. 2

Nagel, T. (1973) 'Rawls on justice', Philosophical Review 8(2,) reprinted in Daniels ed. Reading Rawls

Dworkin, R. (1973) 'The original position', University of Chicago Law Review 40, reprinted in N. Daniels (ed.) Reading Rawls 1975, also as 'Justice and rights', ch. 6 of Dworkin's Taking Rights Seriously 1977

Scanlon, T. (1975) 'Rawls' theory of justice', part 1A, in N. Daniels (ed.) Reading Rawls

Lyons, D. (1975) 'Nature and soundness of the contract and coherence arguments', in Daniels (ed.)

Daniels (ed.) (1978) Reading Rawls papers by Scanlon, Miller, Hart, Daniels

+ Mulhall, S. and Swift, A. (1992) Liberals and Communitarians: An Introduction, 2nd ed. 1996, Introduction

 

@ Difference principle: its derivation

(Pareto vs. OP justifications)

Rawls, A Theory of Justice, secs. 11-13, 26, 29

Rawls, John (1967) 'Distributive justice'

Barry, B. (1973) The Liberal Theory of Justice, esp. chs. 1-4

Williams, B. [1975] 'Rawls and Pascal's wager' in Moral Luck

Harsanyi, J. (1975) 'Is the maximin principle a basis for morality?', American Political Science Review 59, reprinted in Harsanyi's Essays on Ethics, Social Behaviour and Scientific Explanation, 1976

Grey, T.C. (1973) 'The first virtue', Stanford Law Review 25

Barry, B. (1989) Theories of Justice, appendix: 'Economic motivation in a Rawlsian society'

Kymlicka, ch. 3

 

@ Difference principle, natural talents, and equality of opportunity

Nozick, Robert (1975) Anarchy State and Utopia, ch. 7 sec. 2

Michelman, F. (1975) 'Constitutional Welfare Rights and A Theory of Justice' in Daniels (ed.) Reading Rawls

Daniels, N. (1975) 'Equal liberty and unequal worth of liberty' in Daniels (ed.) Reading Rawls

Gutmann, A. (1980) Liberal Equality, ch. 5

Sher, G. (1987) Desert, ch. 2

Kymlicka, W. (1990) Contemporary Political Philosophy, ch. 3 secs. 1-2

Gorr, M. (1991) 'Rawls on natural inequality', in A. Corlett (ed.) Equality and Liberty

Waldron, J. (1993) 'John Rawls's social minimum' in Waldron's Liberal Rights

Crocker, L. (1997) 'Equality, solidarity, and Rawls's maximin', Philosophy and Public Affairs

Wyatt, C. (2008) The Difference Principle Beyond Rawls

 

@ Dworkins' veil of ignorance and the problem of inequalities in natural goods

Dworkin, R. (1981) 'What is equality? part 2: equality of resources', Philosophy and Public Affairs 10(4) (283-345)

Narveson. J. (1983) 'On Dworkinian equality', Social Philosophy and Policy 1

Van Parijs, P. (1995) Real Freedom for All: What (if Anything) Can Justify Capitalism?

 

@ Principle of liberty

Rawls, A Theory of Justice, secs. 33-35, 39-40, 82

Hart, H.L.A. [1973] 'Rawls on liberty and its priority' in Daniels ed

Daniels, N. (1975) in Daniels (ed.) Reading Rawls

Rawls, John (1982) 'The basic liberties and their priority', in S. MacMurrin (ed.) The Tanner Lectures on Human Values III

 

@ Primary goods

(See also 'Equality of what?')

Rawls, John (1982) 'Social unity and primary goods', in B. Williams and A. Sen (eds) Utilitarianism and Beyond

 

@ Well-ordered society

Rawls, John (1974) 'Reply to Alexander and Musgrave', Quarterly Journal of Economics 88 (4)

Ivison, D. (1995) 'The art of liberalism' Canadian Journal of Political Science 28(2)

 

@ Stability

Mendus, S. (1999) The importance of love in Rawls's theory of justice', British Journal of Political Science 29(1)

 

@ Rawls's constructivism

(Including Rawls and the self)

(Rawls's construction of political principles from an underlying conception of the self)

Rawls, John (1980) 'Kantian constructivism in moral theory: the Dewey lectures 1980', Journal of Philosophy 77(9)

Brink, D.O. (1987) 'Rawlsian constructivism in moral theory, Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17(1)

Doppelt, G. (1988) 'Rawls' Kantian ideal and the viability of modern liberalism', Inquiry 31

Powers, W. Jr. (1993) 'Constructing liberal political theory', Texas Law Review 72

McCarthy, T. (1994) 'Kantian constructivism and reconstructivism: Rawls and Habermas in dialog', Ethics 105(1)

Darwall, S.L. (1999) 'A defense of the Kantian interpretation', Ethics 86(2), reprinted in H. Richardson and P. Weithman (eds) The Philosophy of Rawls. Vol. 2: The Two Principles and their Justicifation

 

@ Communitarian and pragmatist critiques of Rawls

(Specifically of his notion of the self)

* Sandel, M.J. (1982) Liberalism and the Limits of Justice, 2nd ed. 1988, introduction, chs. 1-3, conclusion

Walzer, M. (1983) Spheres of Justice, preface, ch. 1

Sandel, M.J. (1984) 'The procedural republic and the unencumbered self', Political Theory 12(1), reprinted in Avineri and De-Shalit (eds) and in Goodin and Petti (eds) Contemporary Political Philosophy

Rawls, John (1985) 'Justice as fairness: political not metaphysical', Philosophy and Public Affairs 14, revised as lecture 1 secs. 1-5 of Rawls's Political Liberalism 1993

Baker, C.E. (1985) 'Sandel on Rawls', University of Pennsylvania Law 133(4)

* Rorty, R. (1988) 'The priority of democracy over philosophy' in M.D. Peterson and R.C. Vaughan (eds) The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom: Its Evolution and Consequences for American History, reprinted in Rorty's Objectivity, Relativism and Truth

Doppelt, G. (1989) 'Is Rawls's Kantian liberalism coherent and defensible?', Ethics 99

Pogge, T. (1989) Realizing Rawls, ch. 2 'Sandel and the conception of the person'

+ Kukathas, C. and Pettit, P. (1990) Rawls, ch. 7

Alford, C.F. (1991) The Self in Social Theory: A Psychoanalytic Account of its Construction in Plato, Hobbes, Locke, Rawls and Rousseau, ch. on Rawls

+ Mulhall, S. and Swift, A. (1992) Liberals and Communitarians: An Introduction, 2nd ed. 1996, Introduction, chs. 5,6

Geuss, R. (2008) Philosophy and Real Politics, c. p.90

 

@ Rawls and Kant

(On how Kantian Rawls is)

Johnson, O. (1974) 'The Kantian interpretation', Ethics 85

Darwall, S. (1976) 'A defense of the Kantian interpretation', Ethics 86

Darwall, S. (1980) 'Is there a Kantian foundation for Rawlsian justice?' in H. Blocker and E. Smith (eds) John Rawls' Theory of Justice: An Introduction

+ Arneson, R.J. (1989) 'Introduction' to symposium on Rawlsian theory of justice, Ethics 99

Krasnoff, L. (1999) 'How Kantian is constructivism?', Kant-Studien 90(4)

O'Neill, Onora (2002) 'Constructivism in Rawls and Kant', in S. Freeman (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Rawls

 

@ Rawls and Hegel

Hoy, J.B. (1981) 'Hegel's critique of Rawls', Clio 10(4)

Rawls, John (1989) 'Themes in Kant's moral philosophy', in E. Frster (ed.) Kant's Transcendental Deductions

Schwarzenbach, S.A. (1991) 'Rawls, Hegel and communitarianism', Political Theory 19(4)

Schwarzenbach, S.A. (1992) 'Traces of Hegelian philosophy of law in John Rawls, A Theory of Justice', Hegel-Studien 27, 77-110 (in German)

Schwarzenbach, S.A. and Benson, P. (1994) 'Rawls, Hegel and personhood', Political Theory 22(3), 491-508

Rawls, John (1993) Political Liberalism, 285-288

Cohen, Joshua (1993) 'Moral pluralism and political consensus', in D. Copp, J. Hampton and J. Roemer (eds) The Idea of Democracy, reprinted in H. Richardson and P. Weithman (eds) The Philosophy of Rawls: Reasonable Pluralism

 

@ Political liberalism, overlapping consensus, and reasonability

(For 'Political liberalism in thinkers other than Rawls' see that)

(For 'Rawls and neutrality' see that)

Scanlon, T.M. (1982) 'Contractualism and utilitarianism', in Sen and Williams (eds) Utilitarianism and Beyond

Rawls, John (1982) 'Social unity and primary goods', in B. Williams and A. Sen (eds) Utilitarianism and Beyond

Rawls, John (1985) 'Justice as fairness: political not metaphysical', Philosophy and Public Affairs 14, revised as lecture 1 secs. 1-5 of Rawls's Political Liberalism 1993

Rawls, John (1987) 'The idea of an overlapping consensus', Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 7

Doppelt, G. (1988) 'Rawls's Kantian ideal and the viability of modern liberalism', Inquiry 31

* Rawls, John (1989) 'The domain of the political and overlapping consensus', New York University Law Review 64, reprinted in Rawls's Collected Papers, in R.E.Goodin and P. Pettit (eds) Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology, and in D. Matravers and J. Pike (eds) Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy

Larmore, C. (1990) 'Political liberalism', Political Theory 18

Rawls, John (1993) Political Liberalism

Alejandro, R. (1993) 'Rawls's communitarianism', Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23(1)

Hampton, J. (1993) 'The moral commitments of liberalism' in D. Copp, J. Hampton and J.E. Roemer (eds) The Idea of Democracy

Cohen, Joshua (1993) 'Moral pluralism and political consensus', in D. Copp, J. Hampton and J. Roemer (eds) The Idea of Democracy, reprinted in H. Richardson and P. Weithman (eds) The Philosophy of Rawls: Reasonable Pluralism

Wenar, L. (1995) 'Political Liberalism: an internal critique', Ethics 106(1)

Klosko, George (1997) 'Political constructivism in Rawls's Political Liberalism', American Political Science Review 91(3)

+ Kymlicka, W. (2002) Contemporary Political Philosophyク 2nd ed., ch. 6 sec. 7 'Political liberalism'

McKinnon, C. (2002) Liberalism and the Defence of Political Constructivism

 

@ Rawls and the role of political philosophy

Raz, J. (1990) 'Facing diversity: the case for epistemic abstinence', Philosophy and Public Affairs 19(1)

Waldron, J. (1999) 'Disagreements about justice' in H. Richardson and P. Weithman (eds) The Philosophy of Rawls: Reasonable Pluralism

 

@ Public justifiability

(Either as an ideal or as a necessary condition of political legitimacy)

(See also 'Political obligation: consent and self-imposition arguments, democracy and political obligation')

(For use of justifiability to ground neutrality, see 'Rawls and neutrality, his argument from justifiability to members')

(On the problems in using justifiability to members to derive the difference principle, see ' Derivation of difference principle')

Waldron, J. (1987) 'Theoretical foundations of liberalism', Philosophical Quarterly 37:147

Barry, B. (1989) Theories of Justice, appendix C

Rawls, John (1993) Political Liberalism, pp. 136-7, 225-6 (on the 'liberal principle of legitimacy')

Weithman, P. (1995) 'Waldron on political legitimacy and the social minimum', Philosophical Quarterly 45:179

Bertram, C. (1995) 'Democratic community, theoretical complexity and justification'

Gaus, G.F. (1996) Justificatory Liberalism

 

@ Public reason, democracy and legitimate law in Rawls

(Including the 'duty of civility')

(For critiques on Rawls and democracy see 'democracy vs. political philosophy')

O'Neill, Onora (1986) 'The public use of reason", Political Theory 14(4)

Rawls, John (1993) Political Liberalism, ch. 6 'The idea of public reason', reprinted in J. Bohman (ed.) Deliberative Democracy 1997

Solum, Lawrence B. (1993) 'Constructing an ideal of public reason', San Diego Law Review 30

Carter, S.L. (1993) The Culture of Disbelief

Brower, B.W. (1994) 'The limits of public reason' The Journal of Philosophy 91

D'Agostino, F. (1995) Free Public Reason: Making it up as we Go

Gauthier, David (1995) 'Public reason', Social Philosophy and Policy 12

Rawls, John (1996) 'Introduction' to the paperback edition of Political Liberalism

Ivisin, D. (1997) 'The secret history of public reason: Hobbes to Rawls', History of Political Thought 18(1)

* Rawls, John (1997) 'The idea of public reason revisited', University of Chicago Law Review 64(3), reprinted in his The Law of Peoples and Collected Papers

O'Neill, Onora (1997) Political liberalism and public reason", Philosophical Review 106(3)

D'Agostino, F. and Gaus, G.F. (eds) (1998) Public Reason

Ridge, Michael (1998) 'Hobbesian public reason', Ethics 108(3)

Scheffler, Samuel (1999) 'The appeal of political liberalism', in H. Richardson and P. Weithman (eds) The Philosophy of Rawls: Reasonable Pluralism

Reidy, D. (2000) 'Rawls's wide view of public reason: not wide enough', Res Publica 6(1)

O'Neill, Onora (2002) 'Constructivism in Rawls and Kant', in S. Freeman (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Rawls

+ Dreben, B. (2003) 'On Rawls and political liberalism', in S. Freeman (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Rawls

+ Larmore, C. (2003) 'Public reason' in S. Freeman (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Rawls

Laden, A.S. (2003) 'The house that Jack built', Ethics 113(2)

 

@ Rawls and political community

Nickel, J.N. (1990) 'Rawls on political community and principles of justice', Law and Philosophy 9(2)

 

@ Rawls and stability, education

(This is the question of how a well-ordered society conceived in terms of TJ or PL can maintain itself over time by perpetuating the corresponding sense of justice)

Barry, B. (1995) 'John Rawls and the search for stability', Ethics 105

Wingenbach, E. (1999) 'Unjust context? The priority of stability in Rawls's contextualised theory of justice', American Journal of Political Science 43(1)

Baumeister, A. (1998) 'Cultural diversity and education: the dilemma of political stability', Political Studies 46(5)

 

@ Rawls and self-respect

(For self-respect and self-esteem in general see 'Self-respect')

Doppelt, G. (1981) 'Rawls' system of justice: a critique from the left', Nous 15

 

@ Rawls: left and Marxist critiques

Macpherson, C.B. (1973) 'Rawls' models of man and society', Philosophy of the Social Sciences 3

Macpherson, C.B. (1973) 'Revisionist liberalism', in his Democratic Theory: Essays in Retrieval

Miller, R. (1974) 'Rawls and Marxism' Philosophy and Public Affairs 3(2)

Clark, B. and Gintis, H. (1978) 'Rawlsian justice and economic systems', Philosophy and Public Affairs 7(4), reprinsted in C. Kukathas (ed.) John Rawls: Critical Assessments of Leading Political Philosophers, Vol. 3: Principles of Justice II, 2003

Di Quattro, A. (1983) 'Rawls and left criticism', Political Theory 11(1)

Fisk, M. (1985) 'The state and the market in Rawls', Studies in Soviet Thought 30(4)

 

@ Rawls as a socialist

(Discussions of the socialist or anti-capitalist implications of Rawls's theory)

(See also A Marx bibliography: 'Rawls and Marx')

(For Cohen see 'Cohen's critique of Rawls')

Schweickart, D. (1978) 'Should Rawls be a socialist? A comparison of his ideal capitalism with worker-controlled socialism', Social Theory and Practice 5(1)

Grcic, J. (1980) 'Rawls and socialism', Philosophy and Social Criticism 7(1)

Doppelt, G. (1981) 'Rawls' system of justice: a critique from the left', Nous 15(3)

DiQuattro, A. (1983) 'Rawls and left criticism', Political Theory 11(1)

Connin, L.J. (1985) 'On DiQuattro, "Rawls and left criticism"', Political Theory 13(1)

Rawls, John (2007) Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy, pp. 351, 362-66

 

@ Cohen's critique of Rawls

* Cohen, G. A. (1992), 'Incentives, inequality, and community', in G. B. Peterson (ed.), The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, Volume 13

* Cohen, G.A. (1995) 'The Pareto argument for inequality', Social Philosophy and Policy 12

* Cohen, G.A. (1997) 'Where the action is: on the site of distributive justice', Philosophy and Public Affairs 26

Cohen, Joshua (2001) 'Taking people as they are?' Philosophy and Public Affairs, 30

Smith, P. (1998) 'Incentives and justice: G.A. Cohen's egalitarian critique of Rawls', Social Theory and Practice 24

Williams, A. (1998) 'Incentives, inequality, and publicity,' Philosophy and Public Affairs 27

Wolff, J. (1998) 'Fairness, respect, and the egalitarian ethos,' Philosophy and Public Affairs 27

Estlund, D

* Cohen G. A. (2000) If You're an Egalitarian, How Come You're So Rich?

Pogge, T. (2000) 'On the site of distributive justice: reflections on Cohen and Murphy,' Philosophy and Public Affairs 29

Scheffler, Samuel (2003) 'What is egalitarianism?' Philosophy and Public Affairs 31

Sensat, J. (2003) 'Classical German philosophy and Cohen's critique of Rawls', European Journal of Philosophy 11( 3)

Daniels, N. (2003) 'Democratic equality Rawls's complex egalitarianism', in S. Freeman (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Rawls

Baynes, K. (2006) 'Ethos and institutions: on the site of distributive justice,' Journal of Social Philosophy 37

Scheffler, Samuel (2006) 'Is the basic structure basic?' in C. Sypnowich

Freeman, S. (2007) 'Rawls and luck egalitarianism' in Justice and the Social Contract: Essays on Rawlsian Political Philosophy

* Cohen, G.A. (2008) Rescuing Justice and Equality

Fletham, B. (2008) special issue on 'Justice, equality and constructivism', Ratio: An International Journal of Analytic Philosophy 21(4)

Mandle, J. (2009) 'Distributive justice at home and abroad' in Thomas Christiano and John Christman, (eds) Contemporary Debates in Political Philosophy: An Anthology

Feltham, B. (ed.) (2009) Justice, Equality and Constructivism: Essays on G.A. Cohen's Rescuing Justice and Equality

 

@ Rawls and the self, 'Kantian constructivism'

(See 'Rawls's constructivism')

 

@ Rawls and feminism

(See separate bibliography)

 

@ Rawls and intergenerational justice

Parfit, D. (1984) Reasons and Persons, ch. 16 'The non-identity problem'

 

@ Rawls and international justice

(See 'Rawls's international theory')

 

@ Rawls' development (full list of his articles and books)

(commentaries on his development: see 'Rawls's response to communitarianism')

Rawls, John (1951) 'Outline of a decision procedure for ethics', Philosophical Review 60

Rawls, John (1955) 'Two concepts of rules' Philosophical Review 64, reprinted in Foot ed., also in Gorovitz ed., also in Hearn ed., also in Pahel and Schiller (eds)

Rawls, John (1958) 'Justice as fairness' Philosophical Review 67, April 1958

Rawls, John (1967) 'Distributive justice', in P. Laslett and W.G. Runciman (eds) Philosophy, Politics and Society, 3rd series, reprinted with part of 'Distributive justice: some addenda' included in it in E.S. Phelps (ed.) Economic Justice 1973

Rawls, John (1968) 'Distributive justice; some addenda', Natural Law Reform 13

Rawls, John (1969) 'The justification of civil disobedience' in Hugo Bedau (ed.) Civil Disobeidence, reprinted in K. Edward (ed.) Revolution and the Rule of Law 1971

Rawls, John (1971) A Theory of Justice, 2nd ed. 1999

Rawls, John (1971) 'Justice as reciprocity', in S. Gorovitz (ed.) John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism, with Critical Essays

Rawls, John (1974) 'Some reasons for the maximin criterion', American Economic Review 64, May 1974

Rawls, John (1974) 'Reply to Alexander and Musgrave', Quarterly Journal of Economics 88, November 1974

Rawls, John (1975) 'Fairness to goodness', Philosophical Review 84

Rawls, John (1975) 'A Kantian conception of equality', Cambridge Review, February 1975, reprinted as 'A well-ordered society', in P. Laslett and J. Fishkin (eds) Philosophy, Politics and Society, 5th series, 1979 (secs. 1,3,4 are derived from 'Reply to Alexander and Musgrave' secs. 1,3)

Rawls, John (1975) 'The independence of moral theory', Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 48, November 1975

Rawls, John (1977) 'The basic structure as subject', American Philosophical Quarterly 14, revised version in A. Goldman and J. Kim (eds) Values and Morals 1978

Rawls, John (1980) 'Kantian constructivism in moral theory' (Dewey Lectures), Journal of Philosophy 77(9), September 1980

Rawls, John (1982) 'The basic liberties and their priority', in The Tanner Lectures on Human Values III (ed.) S. MacMurrin

Rawls, John (1982) 'Social unity and primary goods', in A. Sen and B. Williams (eds) Utilitarianism and Beyond

Rawls, John (1985) 'Justice as fairness: political not metaphysical', Philosophy and Public Affairs 14, Summer 1985

Rawls, John (1987) 'Preface', Th駮rie de la Justice, tr. C. Audart

Rawls, John (1987) 'The idea of an overlapping consensus', Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 7

Rawls, John (1988) 'The priority of right and ideas of the good', Philosophy and Public Affairs 17, Fall 1988

Rawls, John (1989) 'The domain of the political and overlapping consensus', New York University Law Review 64, reprinted in Rawls's Collected Papers, in R.E.Goodin and P. Pettit (eds) Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology, and in D. Matravers and J. Pike (eds) Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy [b]

Rawls, John (1989) 'Themes in Kant's moral philosophy', in E. Frster (ed.) Kant's Transcendental Deductions

Rawls, John (1991?) 'A theory of civil disobedience' in H. Bedau (ed.) Civil Disobedience in Focus 1991

Rawls, John (1993) Political Liberalism

Rawls, John (1993) 'The law of peoples', in S. Shote and S. Hurley (eds) On Human Rights: Oxford Amnesty Lectures 1993

Rawls, John (1995) 'Reply to Habermas's "Reconciliation through the public use of reason"', Journal of Philosophy 92(3)

Rawls, John (1997) 'The idea of public reason revisited', University of Chicago Law Review 64

Rawls, John (1999) The Law of Peoples

Rawls, John (1999) Collected Papers

Rawls, John (2000) Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy

Rawls, John (2001) Justice as Fairness: A Restatement

 

@ Kohlberg

(See also feminism: love, care and justice)

Gibbs, J.C. (1977) 'Kohlberg's stages of moral judgement: a constructive critique, Harvard Educational Review 47

Locke, D. (1986) 'A psychologist among the philosophers: philosophical aspects of Kohlberg's theories', in S. Modgil and C. Modgil (eds) Lawrence Kohlberg: Consensus and Controversy

 

@ Rawls and Habermas

(See 'Habermas and Rawls')

 

@ Rawls and Rousseau

Goldfinger, J. (2007) 'Rawls and Rousseau's political projects: two sides of the same coin?

 

@ NOZICK

 

@ Nozick: text

Nozick, Robert (1974) Anarchy, State and Utopia chs. 1-2, 3, 7, (8-9)

 

@ Nozick: introductions

Kukathas, C. and Pettit, P. (1990) Rawls: 'A Theory of Justice' and its Critics, ch. 5

Steiner, H. (1977) Critical notice of Anarchy, State and Utopia, Mind

Brown, A. (1986) Modern Political Philosophy, ch. 4

Paul, J. (1981) 'Introduction', J. Paul (ed.) Reading Nozick

Gutmann, A. (1980) Liberal Equality, ch. 6

Williams, B. [1975] 'The minimal state', in Reading Nozick

Kymlicka, W. (1990) 95-132

Cohen, G.A. (1990) 'Marxism and contemporary political philosophy, or: why Nozick exercises some Marxists more than he does any egalitarian liberals', Canadian Journal of Philosophy, sup. vol. 16 'Canadian Philosophers'

Gray, J. (19?) Liberalisms ch 3

 

@ Nozick: fuller treatments

Pogge, T.W. (1989) Realizing Rawls, ch. 1

Miller, D. (1989) Market, State and Community, part 1

* Wolff, J. (1991) Robert Nozick: Property, Justice and the Minimal State

Rothbard, M. The Ethics of Liberty

 

@ Nozick: collections

Paul, J. (ed.) (1981) Reading Nozick

Angelo Corlett, J. (ed.) (1991) Equality and Liberty: Analyzing Rawls and Nozick, part 2

 

@ Nozick's foundations for natural rights

Nozick, Robert (1974) Anarchy, State and Utopia, ch. 3 esp. pp 26-35, 48-51

Scheffler, Samuel (1976) 'Natural rights, equality, and the minimal state', Canadian Journal of Philosophy, reprinted in J. Paul (ed.) Reading Nozick

Lyons, D.B. (1976) 'Rights against humanity', Philosophical Review 85

Scanlon, T. (1976) 'Nozick on rights, liberty and property', Philosophy and Public Affairs, reprinted in Paul (ed.) Reading Nozick

Hart, H.L.A. (1979) 'Between utility and rights', in A. Ryan (ed.) The Idea of Freedom, parts 1-3

Nagel, T. (1975) 'Libertarianism without foundations', Yale Law Journal 85, reprinted in J. Paul (ed.) Reading Nozick

Steiner, H. (1981) 'Liberty and equality', Political Studies 29

Sen, A. (1981) 'Rights and agency', Philosophy and Public Affairs 11, reprinted in Scheffler (ed.) Consequentialism and its Critics

+ Wolff, J. (1991) Robert Nozick: Property, Justice and the Minimal State, chs. 1,2

 

@ Nozick on natural property rights

Nozick, Robert (1974) Anarchy, State and Utopia, 174-183

Gibbard, A. (1976) 'Natural property rights', Nous 10

Scheffler, Samuel (1976) 'Natural rights, equality, and the minimal state', Canadian Journal of Philosophy, reprinted in Paul ed

Scanlon, T. (1976) 'Nozick on rights, liberty and property', Philosophy and Public Affairs, reprinted in Paul ed

* Steiner, H. (1977) 'The natural right to the means of production', Philosophical Quarterly 27

Steiner, H. (1980) 'Slavery, socialism and private property', in Pennock and Chapman (eds) Nomos XXll: Property

O'Neill, Onora (1981) 'Nozick's entitlements' in Paul (ed.) Reading Nozick

Drury, S.B. (1982) 'Locke and Nozick on property', Political Studies 30

Christman, J. (1986) 'Can ownership be justified by natural rights?' Philosophy and Public Affairs 15

Ryan, A. (1987) Property, ch. 5

Grunebaum, J.O. (1987) Private Ownership, ch. 3C

Stick, ? (1987) 'Turning Rawls into Nozick and back again', Northwestern University Law Review 81, 363-?

Okin, S.M. (1989) Justice, Gender and the Family, ch. 4

+ Wolff, J. (1991) Robert Nozick: Property, Justice and the Minimal State, 100-115

Weinrib, E.J. (1991) 'Right and advantage in private law', in D. Cornell et al. (eds) Hegel and Legal Theory, see section on 'Nozick's proviso on appropriation'

Steiner, H. (1994) An Essay on Rights

 

@ Cohen's critique of Nozick on property rights

Cohen, G.A. (1981) 'Nozick on appropriation', New Left Review 150

 

@ Self-ownership and world-ownership

(Self-ownership is ownership of my own talents and labour and the product of my labour, as classically in Locke. This is on contemporary critiques and revisions of Locke, especially that by Cohen, who has individual ownership of labour and joint ownership of everything else)

(For the application of these ideas to economic exploitation see A Marx bibliography: 'Exploitation and self-ownership')

Cohen, G.A. (1986) 'Self‑ownership, world‑ownership and equality' in F. Lukash (ed.) Justice and Equality Here and Now (extended version of Cohen 1981)

Cohen, G.A. (1986) 'Self‑ownership, world‑ownership and equality: part 2', Social Philosophy and Policy 3(2), Spring 1986

Cohen, G.A. (1986) 'Peter Mew on justice and capitalism', Inquiry 29

Cohen, G.A. (1987) 'Socialist equality and capitalist freedom', in J. Elster and K. Moene

Cohen, G.A. (1988) 'More on exploitation and the labour theory of value' Inquiry 25

Cohen, G.A. (1990) 'Self‑ownership, communism and equality', Aristotelian Society proceedings Sup. Vol. 64

Cohen, G.A. (1990) 'Marxism and contemporary political philosophy, or: why Nozick exercises some Marxists more than he does any egalitarian liberals', Canadian Journal of Philosophy, sup. vol. 16 'Canadian Philosophers', reprinted in Self-Ownership, Freedom and Equality

Arneson, R. (1991) 'Lockean self-ownership: towards a demolition', Political Studies 39

Williams, A. (1992) 'Cohen on Locke, land and labour', Political Studies 40

Cohen, G.A. (1995) Self-Ownership, Freedom and Equality, see esp. pp. 68 (definition of self-ownership), 78-85 and 209-245 (Reviewed by M. Roberts, RP82)

Otsuka, M. (1998) 'Self-ownership and equality: a Lockean reconciliation', Philosophy and Public Affairs 27

Palmer, T.G. (1998) 'G.A. Cohen on self-ownership, property, and equality', Critical Review 12(3), pp 225-251

 

@ Nozick's entitlement theory of justice (the principles of transfer and rectification)

Nozick, Robert (1974) Anarchy, State and Utopia ch. 7 sec. 1

Goldman, A.H. (1976) 'The entitlement theory of distributive justice', Journal of Philosophy 73:21

Davis, L. (1976) 'Comments on Nozick's entitlement' theory', Journal of Philosophy 73:21

Davis, L. (1977) 'Necessity and Nozick's theory of entitlement', Political Theory

Holmes, R. (1977) 'Nozick on anarchism', Political Theory

Lyons, D. (1977) 'The new Indian claims and original rights to land', Social Thoery and Practice 4(3), reprinted in Paul (ed.) Reading Nozick

Barber, B. (19?) The Conquest of Politics ch. 4

Sher, G. (198?) Desert, ch. 2

Cohen, G.A. (1983) 'The structure of proletarian unfreedom', Philosophy and Public Affairs 12(1), somewhat revised in Cohen's History, Labour and Freedom sec. 3

 

@ Nozick's entitlement theory and freedom

Scanlon, T. (1976) 'Nozick on rights, liberty and property', Philosophy and Public Affairs 6(1), reprinted in Paul ed

Ryan, C.C. (1977) 'Yours, mine and ours: property rights and individual liberty', Ethics, reprinted in Paul (ed.) Reading Nozick

Loevinsohn, E. (1977) 'Liberty and the redistribution of property', Philosophy and Public Affairs

Gutmann, A. (197?) Liberal Equality, ch. 6

 

@ Nozick's freedom-based critique of distributive justice (Wilt Chamberlain argument)

Nozick, Robert (1974) Anarchy, State and Utopia, 'How liberty affects patterns' (160-164), ch. 7 sec. 2 'Rawls's theory'

Cohen, G.A. (1977) 'Robert Nozick and Wilt Chamberlain: how patterns preserve liberty', Erkenntnis 11, slightly revised version in J. Arthur and W.H. Shaw (eds) Justice and Economic Distribution 1978

Loevinsohn, E. (1977) 'Liberty and the redistribution of property', Philosophy and Public Affairs

Rawls, John (1977) 'The basic structure as subject', American Philosophical Quarterly 14, revised version in A. Goldman and J. Kim (eds) Values and Morals 1978

Varian, H.R. (1975) 'Distributive justice, welfare economics, and the theory of fairness', Philosophy and Public Affairs 4(3)

Wolff, J. (1991) Robert Nozick: Property, Justice and the Minimal State, 79-100

 

@ HAYEK

 

@ Hayek's texts

Hayek, F. [1936] 'Economics and knowledge', in his Individualism and the Economic Order

Hayek, F. (1944) The Road to Serfdom

Hayek, F. (1960) The Constitution of Liberty

Hayek, F. (1967) Studies in Philosophy, Politics and Economics ch 11

Hayek, F. (1973) Rules and Order

Hayek, F. (1973-79) Law, Legislation and Liberty

Hayek, F. (1976) The Mirage of Social Justice

Hayek, F. (1978) New Studies in Philosophy, Politics, Economics and the History of Ideas, Pts I and II

Hayek, F. (1979) The Political Order of a Free People

Hayek, F. (1988) The Fatal Conceit

 

@ Introductions

Sampsonク G. (1984) An End to Allegiance: Individual Freedom and the New Politics, ch. 6

Green, D.G. (1987) The New Right: The Counter-Revolution in Political, Economic and Social Thought, ch. 5

Barry, N. 'F.A. Hayek and Modern Liberalism' in Tivey and Wright Political Thought Since 1945

Bosanquet, N. After the New Right ch. 2

Ebenstein, F. (2001) Friedrich Hayek: A Biography

 

@ Collections

Seldon, A. (ed.) (1961) Agenda for a Free Society: Essays on Hayek's 'The Constitution of Liberty'

Machlup, F. (ed.) (1977) Essays on Hayek

Birner, J. and van Zijp, R. (1994) Hayek, Co-ordination and Evolution: His Legacy in Philosophy, Politics and the History of Ideas

Frowen, F. (ed.) (1997) Hayek: Economist and Social Philosopher

 

@ General commentaries

Barry, N. (1979) Hayek's Social and Economic Philosophy chs 3-7 and 9

Brittan, S. (1983) The Role and Limits of Government ch 3, also in Butler and Pirie (eds) Hayek on the Fabric of Human Society

Butler, E. (1985) Hayek: His Contribution to the Political and Economic Thought of our Time

Kukathis, C. (1989) Hayek and Modern Liberalism

Gamble, A. (1996) Hayek: The Iron Cage of Liberty

Barry, N. et al Hayek's 'Serfdom' Revisited esp chs 1

Hoy, C. A Philosophy of Individual Freedom

Gray, J. Post-Liberalism ch 3 'Hayek as a Conservative'

 

@ Hayek on the market and catallaxy

Hayek, F. (1973) Law, Legislation and Liberty, vol.1: Rules and Order

Tomlinson, J. (1990) Hayek and the Market

 

@ Hayek on law

Hayek, F. (1960) The Constitution of Liberty

Hayek, F. (1976) Law, Legislation and Liberty, vol. 2: The Mirage of Social Justice

 

@ Hayek on liberty

Hayek, F. (1960) The Constitution of Liberty

Gray, J. (1984) Hayek on Liberty, chs 2, 3, 4 and 6

Gray, J. (1989) Liberalisms ch 6

 

@ Hayek's evolutionism, epistemology, critique of constructivism and socialism

Hayek, F. (1976) Law, Legislation and Liberty, vol. 2: The Mirage of Social Justice

Hayek, F. (1988) The Fatal Conceit

Saunders, P. (1993) 'When prophecy fails' Economy and Society 22(1)

Parsons, T.D. (1997) 'Hayek and the limiations of knowledge: philosophical aspects', in F. Frowen (ed.) Hayek: Economist and Social Philosopher

 

@ Left critiques of Hayek and neo-liberalism

Hindess, B. (1987) Freedom, Equality and the Market, chs 8 and 9

Miller, D. (1990) Market, State and Community, Pt I

Hoover, K. and Plant, R. (1989) Conservative Capitalism, ch 10

Martell, L. (1993) 'Rescuing the Middle Ground: Neo-Liberalism and Associational Socialism' Economy and Society 22(1)

Wainwright, H. (1994) Arguments for a New Left: Answering the Free Market Right

Bosanquet, N. 'Challenging the New Right' in Kilmarnock The Radical Challenge

 

@ HABERMAS

(For fuller Habermas bibliographies see Publications by Jurgen Habermas and Habermas bibliography)

 

@ Habermas: introductions

Bernstein, R.J. (1985) 'Introduction' to Bernstein (ed.) Habermas and Modernity

Outhwaite, W. (1994) Habermas: A Critical Introduction

Eriksen, E. and Weigard, J. (2003) Understanding Haberma: Communicative Action and Deliberative Democracy

Finlayson, G. (2005) Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

 

@ Habermas's discourse ethics: expositions

Apel, K.O. (1976) 'Sprechakttheorie und die Begrndung der Ethik', in Apel (ed.) Sprachpragmatik und Philosophie

Habermas, J. [1976] 'Moral development and ego identity', in Communication and the Evolution of Society

McCarthy, T. (1978) The Critical Theory of Jrgen Habermas, c. pp.338-350

Apel, K.-O. [198?] Towards a Transformation of Philosophy, tr. 1988

* Habermas, J. [1982] 'Discourse ethics: notes on philosophical justification', in S. Benhabib and F. Dallmayr (eds) The Communicative Ethics Controversy 1990, reprinted in Habermas' Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action 1983, tr. 1990

Habermas, J. [1983?] 'Moral development and communicative action', in Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action 1983, tr. 1990

Habermas, J. [1985] 'Morality and ethical life: does Hegel's critique of Kant apply to discourse ethics?', in Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action 1983, tr. 1990

Habermas, J. [1988] Postmetaphysical Thinking, tr. 1992

White, S.K. (1989) The Recent Work of Jrgen Habermas: Reason, Justice and Modernity, c. pp.65-85

+ McCarthy, T. (1990) 'Introduction' to Habermas, Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action

Habermas, J. (1990) 'Justice and solidarity: on the discussion concerning stage 6', in The Moral Domain: Essays in the Ongoing Discussion Between Philosophy and the Social Sciences, (ed.) T.E. Wren

+ McCarthy, T. (1991) Ideals and Illusions, ch. 7

* Habermas, J. [1991] 'Remarks on discourse ethics', in Justification and Application: Remarks on Discourse Ethics, tr. 1993

Habermas, J. [1991] 'Morality, society and ethics', in Justification and Application: Remarks on Discourse Ethics, tr. 1993

+ Warren, M.E. (1995) 'The self in discursive democracy', in S.K. White (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Habermas

* Habermas, J. (1996) 'On the cognitive content of morality', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 96(3)

+ Finlayson, G. (2005) Habermas: A Very Short Introduction, chs. 6-7

 

@ Habermas's discourse ethics: commentary

Benhabib, S. and Dallmayr, F. (eds) (1990) The Communicative Ethics Controversy

Benhabib, S. (1992) 'In the shadow of Aristotle and Hegel', in her Situating the Self

Rehg, W. (1991) 'Discourse and the moral point of view: deriving a dialogical principle of universalisation' Inquiry 34(1)

Benhabib, S. (1987) 'The generalised and the concrete other: the Kohlberg-Gilligan controversy and feminist theory', in S. Benhabib and D. Cornell (eds) Feminism and Critique, revised version in Benhabib's Situating the Self 1992

Rehg, W. (1997) Insiht and Solidarity

McMahon, C. (2000) 'Discourse and morality', Ethics 110(3)

Finlayson, J.G. (2000) 'Modernity and morality in Habermas's discourse ethics', Inquiry 43(3)

 

@ Habermas on law and democracy

(See also 'Habermas and Rawls')

(For others on this relationship, see 'Democracy vs. justice and rights')

Habermas, J. (1988) 'Law and morality', Tanner Lectures on Human Values 8

White, S.K. (1989) The Recent Work of Jrgen Habermas: Reason, Justice and Modernity

* Habermas, J. [1992] Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy, tr. 1996

Murphy, T.F. (1994) 'Discourse ethics: moral theory or political ethic?', New German Critique

Bohman, J. (1994) 'Complexity, pluralism, and the constitutional state: on Habermas's Faktizit舩 und Geltung', Law Society Review 28(4)

O'Neill , O. (1994) 'Practical reason and possible community: a reply to Jean-Marc Ferry', Ratio Juris 7(3)

Peters, B. (1994) 'On reconstructive legal and political theory, Philosophy and Social Criticism 20(4)

Hoffe, O. (1994) 'Una conversione della teoria critica? sulla teoria del diritto e dello stato di Habermas', Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia del Diritto 71(4)

* Habermas, J. (1994) 'Three models of democracy', Constellations 1(1), reprinted as 'Three normative models of democracy' in S. Benhabib (ed.) Democracy and Difference, in Habermas's The Inclusion of the Other, and in S.M. Cahn (ed.) Political Philosophy: The Essential Texts

Habermas, J. (1994) 'The internal relation between the rule of law and democracy', in Habermas's The Inclusion of the Other, reprinted in S.M. Cahn (ed.) Political Philosophy: The Essential Texts

Baynes, K. (1995) 'Democracy and the "Rechsstaat": Habermas's "Faktizitat und Geltung""', in S.K. White (ed.) The Cambrige Companion to Habermas

Deflem, M. (ed.) (1996) Habermas, Modernity and Law ('Introduction: law in Habermas's theory of communicative action' also available online)

Rosenfeld, M. and Arato, A. (1998) Habermas on Law and Democracy: Critical Exchanges

Scheuerman, W.E. (1998) 'Between radicalism and resignation: democratic theory in Habermas's Between Facts and Norms' in P. Dews (ed.) Habermas: A Critical Reader

Cohen, Joshua (1999) 'Reflections on Habermas on democracy', Ratio Juris 12(4)

Chevigny, P.G. (2000) 'Law and politics in Between Facts and Norms' L.E. Hahn (ed.) Perspectives on Habermas

Michelman, F. (2000) 'Human rights and the limits of constitutional theory', Ratio Juris 13(1)

Mahoney, J. (2001) 'Rights without dignity? Some critical reflections on Habermas's procedural model of law and democracy', Philosophy and Social Criticism 27(3)

Olson, K. (2003) 'Do rights have a formal basis? Habermas' legal theory and the normative foundations of the law', Journal of Political Philosophy 11(3)

 

@ Habermas: Communicative freedom

Gnther, K. (1998) 'Communicative freedom, communicative power, and. jurisgenesis', in M. Rosenfeld and A. Arato (eds) Habermas on Law and Democracy: Critical Exchanges scribed

Martin, M. (2001) Rethinking the Communicative Turn: Adorno, Habermas, and the problem of Commuicative Freedom

 

@ Habermas and multiculturalism

(Including communitarian critiques of discourse ethics and of Habermas's deliberative democracy and accusations that it is Eurocentric)

Habermas, J. [1981] The Theory of Communicative Action, Vol 1: Reason and the Rationalisation of Society, tr. 1984, c. pp. 60-70, 181-4

Heller, A. (1984-85) 'The discourse ethics of Habermas: critique and appraisal', Thesis Eleven: 10/11 (Argues that discourse ethics will generate negotiated compromises rather than justice, that Habermas's principles U and D are Western-ethnocentric)

Cohen, J.L. (1989) 'Heller, Habermas and justice: a review of Agnes Heller Beyond Justice', Praxis International 8(4)

Taylor, C. (198?) 'Language and society' in A. Honneth and H. Joas (eds) Communicative Action, tr. 1991

Habermas, J. [1985] 'Morality and ethical life: does Hegel's critique of Kant apply to discourse ethics?', in Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action 1983, tr. 1990

Habermas, J. (1996) 'On the cognitive content of morality', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 96(3)

* Benhabib, S. (ed.) (1996) Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political, esp. articles by Habermas, Dallmayr, Young

Dallmayr, F. (1996) 'Democracy and multiculturalism' in S. Benhabib (ed.) Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political

Young, I.M. (1996) 'Communication and the other: beyond deliberative democracy', in Benhabib, S. (ed.) Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political

Habermas, J. (1996) 'Three normative models of democracy', in S. Benhabib (ed.) Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political

 

@ Habermas and Rawls

(See also 'Habermas on law')

Benhabib, S. (1982) 'The methodological illusions of modern political theory: the case of Rawls and Habermas', Neue Hefte fur Philosophie 21

* McCarthy, T. (1994) 'Kantian constructivism and reconstructivism: Rawls and Habermas in dialogue', Ethics 105

Baynes, K. (1992) The Normative Grounds of Social Criticism: Kant, Rawls, Habermas

Power, M. (1993) 'Rawls and transcendental arguments', Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23

* Habermas, J. (1995) 'Reconciliation through the public use of reason: remarks on John Rawls' Political Liberalism', Journal of Philosophy 92(3), reprinted as 'Political Liberalism: a debate with John Rawls', in Habermas's The Inclusion of the Other: Studies in Political Theory 1999

* Rawls, John (1995) 'Reply to Habermas', Journal of Philosophy 92(3), reprinted as lecture IX of the paperback edition of his Political Liberalism 1996

Larmore, C. (1999) 'The moral basis of political liberalism', The Journal of Philosophy, 96(12), reprinted in his Morals of Modernity

McMahon, C, (2000) 'Discourse and morality', Ethics 110

De-Oliveira, N.F. (2000) 'Critique of public reason revisited: Kant as arbiter between Rawls and Habermas' Veritas 45(4)

McMahon, C. (2002) 'Why there is no issue between Habermas and Rawls', Journal of Philosophy 99(3)

Forst, R. (2002) Contexts of Justice: Political Philosophy beyond Liberalism and Communitarianism

Lafont, C. (2003) 'Procedural Justice? implications of the Rawls-Habermas debate for Discourse Ethics', Philosophy and Social Criticism 29(2)

Moon, J.D. (2003) 'Rawls and Habermas on public reason: human rights and global justice', Annual Review of Political Science 6

* Finlayson, J.G. and Freyenhagen, F. (eds) (2010) Habermas and Rawls: Disputing the Political

Hendrick, T. (2010) Rawls and Habermas: Reason, Pluralism, and the Claims of Political Philosophy

 

@ CONTRACTARIANISM AND CONSTRUCTIVISM IN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

('Constructivism' is a generalisation of what Rawls calls 'Kantian constructivism'. Some definitions are: norms are constructed from agency and rationality (O'Neill); the normative is immanent in, and expressed in the activity of, responsible agency (Benson); the principles of justice are constructed from a conception of the person as a rational agent, but not so as to promote or realise that conception (Rawls, Krasnoff))

 

@ History of social contract theory

Lessnoff, M. (1986) Social Contract

Riley, P. (2006) 'Social contract theory and its critics', in M. Goldie and R. Wokler (eds) The Cambridge History of Eighteenth-Century Political Thought

Freeman, S. (1990) 'Reason and agreement in social contract views', Philosophy and Public Affairs19(2)

Riley, P. (1973) 'How coherent is the social contract tradition?' Journal of the History of Ideas 34(4)

 

@ Contractarian and contractualist theories of justice

(As opposed to mutual advantage, communitarianism etc.)

(Includes ontological justification and contractualism)

(For democracy-based critiques see 'democracy vs. justice')

Gauthier, D. (1986) Morals by Agreement, Clarendon Press, Oxford

Barry, B. (1989) Theories of Justice

Okin, S.M. (1989) Justice, Gender and the Family, ch. on Rawls

Buchanan, A. (1990) 'Justice as reciprocity versus subject-centred justice', Philosophy and Public Affairs 19(3)

+ Kymlicka, W. (1990) Contemporary Political Philosophy, p. 131

Sugden, R. (1993) 'The contractarian enterprise', in D. Gauthier and R. Sugden (eds) Rationality, Justice and Social Contract

 

@ Constructivism in ethics and political philosophy: general

Krasnoff, L. (1999) 'How Kantian is constructivism?', Kant-Studien 90(4)

McKinnon, C. (2002) Liberalism and the Defence of Political Constructivism

Lafont, C. (2004) 'Moral objectivity and reasonable agreement: can realism be reconciled with Kantian constructivism?', Ratio Juris 17(1)

Roberts, P. (2005) Political Constructivism

 

@ Constructivism in Fichte

(See A Hegel bibliography: 'Fichte's philosophy of right')

 

@ Constructivism in Hegel

(See A Hegel bibliography: 'Freedom as the ground of right')

 

@ Constructivism in Rawls

(See '~Rawls's constructivism', 'Rawls and Kant'))

 

@ O'Neill's constructivism

O'Neill, Onora (1988) 'Children's rights and children's lives', Ethics 98, reprinted in her Constructions of Reason

O'Neill, Onora (1988) 'Ethical reasoning and ideological pluralism', Ethics 98

O'Neill, Onora (1988-89) 'Constructivisms in ethics', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 89, also in her Constructions of Reason 1989

O'Neill, Onora (1992) 'Vindicating reason', in P. Guyer (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Kant

O'Neill, Onora (1992) 'Reason and politics in the Kantian enterprise' in H. Williams (ed.) Essays on Kant's Political Philosophy

O'Neill , O. (1994) 'Practical reason and possible community: a reply to Jean-Marc Ferry', Ratio Juris 7(3)

O'Neill, Onora (1996) Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning

O'Neill, Onora (1997) 'Political liberalism and public reason: critical notice of John Rawls, Political Liberalism', Philosophical Review 106(3)

O'Neill, Onora (2000) 'Kant and the social contract tradition' in F. Duchesneau et al (eds) Kant Actuel: Hommage a Pierre Laberge

O'Neill (2000) Bounds of Justice

O'Neill, Onora (2002) 'Constructivism in Rawls and Kant', in S. Freeman (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Rawls

O'Neill, Onora (2002) 'Instituting principles: between duty and action', in M. Timmons (ed.) Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays

Watkins, E. (2002) 'O'Neill and Korsgaard on the construction of normativity', Journal of Value Inquiry 36(2-3)

O'Neill, Onora (2003) 'Constructivism vs. contractualism', Ratio 16(4)

Riley, P. (2003) 'Review essay of O'Neill and Flikschuh', Political Theory 31(2)

O'Neill, Onora (2004) 'Autonomy, plurality and public reason', in N. Brender and L. Krasnoff (eds) New Essays on the History of Autonomy

 

@ Korsgaard's constructivism, constitutivism

Korsgaard, C.M. (1993) 'The reasons we can share: an attack on the distinction between agent-relative and agent-neutral values', Social Philosophy and Policy 10(1), reprinted in E.F. Paul (ed.) Altruism

Korsgaard, C.M. (1996) Creating the Kingdom of Ends

Korsgaard, C.M. (1996) The Sources of Normativity

Korsgaard, C.M. (1998) 'Motivation, metaphysics, and the value of the self: A reply to Ginsborg, Guyer, and Schneewind', Ethics 109(1)

Gowans, C.W. (2002) 'Practical identities and autonomy: Korsgaard's reformation of Kant's moral philosophy', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64(3)

* Korsgaard, C.M. (2002) 'Self-constitution: agency, identity, and integrity', The Locke Lectures 2002, available at (http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~korsgaar/) (scroll to 'The Locke Lectures')

Watkins, E. (2002) 'O'Neill and Korsgaard on the construction of normativity', Journal of Value Inquiry 36(2-3)

Wedgewood, R. (2002) 'Practical reasoning as figuring out what is best: against constructivism', Topoi 21(1-2)

Enoch, D. (2006) 'Agency, shmagency: why normativity won't come from what is constitutive of action', Philosophical Review 115(2)

Ferero, L. (2009) 'Constitutivism and the inescapability of agency', Oxford Studies in Metaethics 4

 

@ Scanlon's contractualism

 

@ Habermas and constructivism

(see 'Habermas on law')

 

@ Gewirth: texts

* Gewirth, A. (1978) Reason and Morality, Chicago and London, chs. 1-3

Gewirth, A. (1979) 'The basis and content of human rights', Georgia Law Review 13, 1143-1170, reprinted in J.R. Pennock and J.W. Chapman (eds) Nomos XXIII: Human Rights, 1981 and as ch. 1 of his Human Rights, 1982, with 'Replies to some criticisms' added (see esp. secs. 2-3)

Gewirth, A. (1980) 'Comments on Bond's article', Metaphilosophy 11, 54-69

Gewirth, A. (1981) 'Are there any absolute rights?', Philosophical Quarterly 31, reprinted in Waldron (ed.) Theories of Rights

Gewirth, A. (1982) Human Rights: Essays on Justification and Application

Gewirth, A. (1982) 'On rational agency as the basis of moral equality: reply to Ben-Zeev', Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12

Gewirth, A. (1982) 'Why agents must claim rights: a reply', Journal of Philosophy 79(7)

Gewirth, A. (1984) 'Replies to my critics' in E. Regis Jr. (ed.) Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism

Gewirth, A. (1984) 'The epistemology of human rights', Social Philosophy and Policy 1, reprinted in E.F. Paul et al. (ed.) Human Rights 1984

Gewirth, A. (1985) 'From the prudential to the moral - reply to Singer', Ethics 95(2)

* Gewirth, A. (1988) 'The justification of morality', Philosophical Studies 53

Gewirth, A. (1988) 'Ethical universalism and particularism', Journal of Philosophy 85(6)

Gewirth, A. (1991) 'Forward' to D. Beyleveld, The Dialectical Necessity of Morality

Gewirth, A. (1992) 'Ethics and the pain of contradiction', Philosophical Forum 23(4)

+ Gewirth, A. (1996) The Community of Rights, ch. 1

Gewirth, A. (1998) Self-Fulfillment

Gewirth, A. (2001) 'The rational justification of morality revisited', in J.P. Sterba (ed.) Social and Political Philosophy: Contemporary Persepctives

Gewirth, A. (1992) 'Ethics and the pain of contradiction', Philosophical Forum 23(4), 259-277

 

@ Gewirth: collections

Regis, E. Jr. (ed.) (1984) Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism: Critical Essays with a Reply by Alan Gewirth

Boylan, M. (ed.) (1999) Gewirth: Critical Essays on Action, Rationality, and Community

 

@ Gewirth: commentary

Veatch, H.B. (1976) 'Paying heed to Gewirth's principle of categorial consistency', Ethics 86(4), 278-287

Grunebaum, J.O. (1976) 'Gewirth and a reluctant protagonist', Ethics 86(4), 274-277

Bond, E.J. (1980) 'Gewirth on reason and morality', Metaphilosophy 11(1), 36-53

Bond, E.J. (1980) 'Reply to Gewirth', Metaphilosophy 1(1)1, 70-75 [notin EL]

Brandt, R.B. (1981) 'The future of ethics', Nous 15

Regis, E. (1981) 'Gewirth on rights: dialectically necessary method and the justification of moral principles', Journal of Philosophy 78(12), 786-794

Lomaksy, L.E. (1981) 'Gewirth's generation of rights', Philosophical Quarterly 31(124), 248-253

Levinson, J. (1982) 'Gewirth on absolute rights', Philosophical Quarterly 32(126), 73-75

Allen, P. (1982) 'A critique of Gewirth's is-ought derivation', Ethics 92(2), 211-226

Lomasky, L. (1984) 'Personal projects as the foundation for basic rights', Social Philosophy and Policy 1(2), 35-55, reprinted in E.F. Paul et al. (ed.) Human Rights 1984

Hare, R.M. (1984) 'Do agents have to be moralists?' in E. Regis Jr. (ed.) Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism

Nielsen, K. (1984) 'Against ethical rationalism', in E. Regis Jr. (ed.) Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism

Singer, M. (1984) 'Gewirth's ethical monism', in E. Regis Jr. (ed.) Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism

Narveson, J. (1984) 'On negative and positive rights in Gewirth's Reason and Morality', in E. Regis Jr. (ed.) Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism

Hare, R.M. (1984) 'Do agents have to be moralists?' in E. Regis Jr. (ed.) Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism

Singer, M.G. (1985) 'On Gewirth's derivation of the principle of generic consistency', Ethics 95(2), 297-301

Beyleveld, D. and Brownsword, R. (1986) Law as a Moral Judgement

McMahon, C. (1986) 'Gewirth's justification of morality', Philosophical Studies 50(2), 261-281

Scheuermann, J. (1987) 'Gewirth's concept of prudential rights', Philosophical Quarterly 37(148), 291-304

Beyleveld, D. (1991) The Dialectical Necessity of Morality

Davis, M. (1991) 'Gewirth and the pain of contradiction', Philosophical Forum 22(3), 211-227

Moore, M. (1993) Foundations of Liberalism, ch. 2 'Gewirth and the project of entailment'

 

@ Gewirth and Kant

Beyleveld, D. (1999) 'Gewirth and Kant on justifying the supreme principle of morality', in M. Boylan (ed.) Gewirth: Critical Essays on Action, Rationality, and Community

Cummiskey, D. (1999) 'Gewirth's Kantian consequentialism', in M. Boylan (ed.) Gewirth: Critical Essays on Action, Rationality, and Community

Beyleveld, D. and Brownsword (2001) Human Dignitty in Bioethics and Biolaw, ch. 5 'Kant and Gewirth'

 

@ Other constructivist justifications of human rights

(See also 'Gewirth')

Hegel, Philosophy of Right 'Property'

Vlastos, G. (1962) 'Justice and equality' in Social Justice (ed.) R.B. Brandt, reprinted in Waldron ed

Hart, H.L.A. (1964) 'Are there any natural rights?' Philosophical Review, reprinted in A. Quinton (ed.) Political Philosophy 1967, also in Waldron (ed.) Theories of Rights 1984

Nozick, Robert (1974) Anarchy, State and Utopia, ch. 3, esp. 48-51

Taylor, C. (1979) 'Atomism', in A. Kontos (ed.) Powers, Possessions and Freedoms, reprinted in Taylor's Philosophy and the Human Sciences: Philosophical Papers vol. 2 1985, also in Avineri and de-Shalit (eds) Communitarianism and Individualism (Nozick basis his justification on the 'hypergood' of individual freedom)

 

@ Constructivist accounts of private law, Weinrib

(For constructivism in general see 'Constructivism')

(See also A Marx bibliography: 'Savigny and idealism')

Weinrib, E.J. (1987) 'Law as a Kantian idea of reason', Columbia Law Review 87, reprinted as 'Law as idea of reason', in H. Williams (ed.) Essays on Kant's Political Philosophy, 1992, and as ch. 4 of the Idea of Private Law

Weinrib, E.J. (1988) 'Legal formalism: on the immanent rationality of law', Yale Law Journal 97, reprinted as ch. 2 of The Idea of Private Law

Brudner, A. (1990) 'The ideality of difference: toward objectivity in legal interpretation' 11 Cardozo Law Review 11

Weinrib, E.J. (1991) 'Right and advantage in private law', in D. Cornell et al. (eds) Hegel and Legal Theory

Weinrib, E.J. (1995) The Idea of Private Law

Rosenfeld, M. (1998) Just Interpretations: Law Between Ethics and Politics, pp. 33-55

 

@ Constructivism, contractarianism and feminism

(see separate bibliography)

 

@ Constructivism and humanism: critiques

(For critiques specific to Rawls see 'Communitarian and pragmatist critiques of Rawls')

(For immanent and internal criticism see A Marx bibliography: 'Immanent critique and internal criticism in general')

Derrida, J. [1968] 'The ends of man', in Margins of Philosophy, tr. 1982

Rorty, R. (1980) Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature c. 379-385

Walzer, M. (1987) Interpretation and Social Criticism, Tanner Lectures on Human Values XI

Barratt, M. (1992) The Politics of Truth: From Marx to Foucault

Geuss, R. (1999) Morality, Culture, History

+ Homer, S. (2000) 'Mapping the terrain of theoretical anti-humanism' Free Associations 44, also available online

Geuss, R. (2008) Philosophy and Real Politics

 

@ Marxist critiques of constructivism and humanism

(For Marx on the individual under capitalism in general see A Marx bibliography: 'Individual, identity, subject and subjectification in Marx')

Marx [1858] Grundrisse, Penguin, pp. 163-5, 239-247

Marx [1867] Capital vol. 1, ch. 2, first paragraph and footnote (Penguin edition p. 179-180)

Marcuse, H. [1936] 'A study on authority, part 3: Kant', in his Studies in Critical Philosophy (also published as From Luther to Popper)

Marcuse, H. (1941) Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory, 2nd ed., Routledge and Kegan Paul, pp. 183-196

Althusser, L. [1964] 'Marxism and humanism' in For Marx

Althusser, L. [1968] 'Ideology and the ideological state apparatuses', in his Lenin and Philosophy, and Other Essays, reprinted in Essays on Ideology, and in S. Ziszek (ed.) Mapping Ideology, also abridged in T. Eagleton (ed.) Ideology

Soper, K. (1986) Humanism and Anti-Humanism

Sayer, D. (1991) Capitalism and Modernity: An Excursus on Marx and Weber, ch. 2 'Power and the subject', section 1

McLellan, G. (1996) 'Post-Marxism and the 'four sins' of modernist theorizing', New Left Review 218

 

@ Foucauldian critiques of constructivism

(See 'Foucault and the modern subject')

 

@ COMMUNITARIANISM, CONSERVATISM, NATIONALISM

(For communitarian accounts of political obligation see 'Political obligation: communitarian accounts')

(For communitarian accounts of the self see 'Subjectivity')

 

@ Conservatism: introductory

* Hayek, F.A. (1960) 'Why I am not a conservative', postscript to his The Constitution of Liberty

Nisbet, R. (1986) Conservatism

O'Sullivan, N. (1976) Conservatism, chs. 1,4,5

Quinton, A. (1978) The Politics of Imperfection

 

@ Conservatism: historically influential statements

Burke [1790] 'Reflections on the revolution in France', abridged versions in I. Hampsher-Monk (ed.) The Political Philosophy of Edmund Burke 1987 and in B.W. Hill (ed.) Edmund Burke on Government, Politics and Society

 

@ Conservatism: contemporary statements

* Scruton, R. (1984) The Meaning of Conservatism, 2nd edition, esp. chs. 1,2, appendix to 2nd. edtion

* Oakeshott, M. (1962) Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays, especially 'Rationalism in politics' [1947], 'On being conservative' [1956]

Oakeshott, M. (1975) On Human Conduct

Cowling, M. (ed.) Conservative Writings, essays by Cowling, Worsthorne

Allison, L. (1984) Right Principles: A Conservative Philosophy of Politics

 

@ Conservatism: assessments from the left

Honderich, T. (1990) Conservatism, esp. chs. 1, 2, conclusion

Levitas, R. (ed.) (1986) The Ideology of the New Right, essays by Edgar, Levitas, Belsey

Cohen, G.A. et. al. (1986) The New Right: Image and Reality

 

@ Communitarianism: introductions

Sandel, M. (1984) 'The procedural republic and the unencumbered self', Political Theory 12(1), reprinted in R.E.Goodin and P. Pettit (eds) Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology

* Sandel, M.J. (1984) 'Morality and the liberal ideal', New Republic, 7 May 1984 reprinted as 1-7 of the 'Introduction' to M.J. Sandel (ed.) Liberalism and Its Critics 1984

Kymlicka, W. (1990) Contemporary Political Philosophy, ch. 6, secs. 2-5

Kukathas, C. and Pettit, P. (1990) Rawls, ch. 6

* Mulhall, S. and Swift, A. (1992) Liberals and Communitarians: An Introduction

 

@ Communitarianism: collections

Sandel, M.J. (ed.) (1984) Liberalism and its Critics, part 2

Rosenblum, N. (ed.) (1989) Liberalism and the Moral Life

Avineri, S. and De-Shalit, A. (eds) (1993) Communitarianism and Individualism

Rasmussen, D. (ed.) (1995) Universalism vs. Communitarianism

 

@ Communitarianism: surveys

Buchanan, A. (1988) 'Assessing the communitarian critique of liberalism', Ethics 99(4)

Mullhall, S. and Swift, A. (1992) Liberals and Communitarians: An Introduction

Phillips, D.L. (1993) Looking Backward: A Critical Appraisal of Communitarian Thought

Bell, D. (1993) Communitarianism and its Critics

Frazer, E. (1999) The Problems of Communitarian Politics: Unity and Conflict

 

@ Public goods, social goods, the common good

Raz, J. (1986) The Morality of Freedom, pp. 198-203

Taylor, C. (1990) 'Irreducibly social goods', G. Brennan and C. Walsh (eds) Rationality, Individualism, and Public Policy (with commens by for others), reprinted in Taylor's Philosophical Arguments 1995

Miller, P.N. (1994) Defining the Common Good

 

@ MacIntyre's communitarianism

MacIntyre, A. (1971) Against the Self-Images of the Age

MacIntyre, A. (1981) After Virtue

MacIntyre, A. (1988) Whose Justice? Which Rationality?, chs. 1, 17, 18, 20

Taylor, C. (19?) 'Justice after virtue', in Horton and Mendus (eds) Reading MacIntyre

Pettit, P. (19?) 'Liberal/communitarian: MacIntyre's mesmeric dichotomy' in Horton and Mendus (eds) Reading MacIntyre

Mulhall, S. (19?) 'Liberalism, morality and rationality: MacIntyre, Rawls and Cavell', in Horton and Mendus (eds) Reading MacIntyre