3    Marxist concepts

Realist and international society theories stress external side of state power. Marxists make exactly the opposite assumption - they argue that internal relations of states are more important. External relations are not separate at all, but are fundamentally determined by internal relations.

The state is

Main assumptions:

  1. state power = a special form of power characterised by force
  2. core institutions of the state are its coercive apparatuses
  3. state power is an instrument of rule by the dominant class
  4. state power arises primarily from the class contradictions inside society.
  5. states' roles in external relations are generally extpressions of basic class characters.

Paradox in Marxist theories of the states: